Notes

[*] Assigning the head of Internal Affairs to street-level command would later come to haunt OPD, since he could not disinterestedly investigate charges of officer misconduct stemming from the evening's events.

[†] In fact, the 19% reduction in Oakland's overall crime rate occurred not "during the weeks" of #OO's Oct. 10–Nov. 14, 2011 encampment, but only during the last week of October. For the week immediately following the encampment, the crime rate was nearly identical to what it'd been for the week preceding the Occupation. Moreover, during the final week of #OO's encampment, Oakland's crime rate shot up by 47%. But correlation ≠ causation. Thus #OO cannot be blamed for the one-week increase; nor can #OO take credit for a transitory citywide dip. Source: City of Oakland, "2011 Weekly Crime Reports," http://www2.oaklandnet.com/Government/o/OPD/s/CrimeReportArchives/.

[‡] Chief Jordan's email to one of Mayor Quan's advisers (not a letter to the Mayor, who prefers face-to-face communication) referred not to "weeks" but to solely the last week of October 2011. See "Emails between Oakland officials reveal tensions during Occupy ordeal," KTVU, January 13, 2012, http://www.ktvu.com/news/news/emails-exchanged-between-oakland-opd-reveal-tensio/nGMkF/.

[1] Alex Abramovich & Lucy Raven, Portraits from the Occupation video interview recorded April 2012, http://museumca.org/theoaklandstandard/scott-olsen.

[2] Frazier Group LLC, Independent Investigation: Occupy Oakland Response – October 25, 2011, June 14, 2012, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/w/OAK036236.

[3] City of Oakland, "'Occupy Oakland' Activity Update," press release, October 25, 2011, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca/groups/cityadministrator/documents/pressrelease/oak031911.pdf.

[4] Special Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Agency/City Council, November 3, 2011, archived video stream, http://oakland.granicus.com/MediaPlayer.php?view_id=2&clip_id=930&meta_id=48050.

[5] City of Oakland, "'Occupy Oakland' Activity Update," op. cit.

[6] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[7] Ibid.

[8] Occupy Oakland, "Statement from the J28 Tactical Team," undated, retrieved August 1, 2012, https://occupyoaklandmoveinday.org/content/statement-j28-tactical-team. In a "A Final, Slightly Philosophical Note," the J28 Tactical Team stated: "The eviction of the camp on the morning of Oct. 25th was a clear failure. We had no capacity to defend ourselves against the military operation of OPD. The attempt to storm the police lines and retake the plaza on the night of the 25th was unsuccessful. The night was a series of brave and remarkable failures to take down the police line at Broadway and 14th."

[9] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[10] Ibid.

[11] City of Oakland, "Report on Status of Investigations into Occupy Oakland-Related Demonstrations Released," press release, October 12, 2012, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/police/documents/pressrelease/oak038098.pdf.

[12] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[13] Alex Abramovich & Lucy Raven, Portraits from the Occupation video interview recorded April 2012, http://museumca.org/theoaklandstandard/scott-olsen.

[14] Bay Area News Group, "Video: Marine Scott Olsen injured during Occupy Wall Street confrontation in Oakland," October 26, 2011, http://www.mercurynews.com/bay-area-news/ci_19199517. Screenshot as retrieved September 26, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8028206525/in/photostream.

[15] "Iraq War Veteran Suffers Skull Fracture In Occupy Oakland Violence," CBS San Francisco, October 26, 2011, http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2011/10/26/iraq-war-veteran-suffers-skull-fracture-at-occupy-oakland-rally/.

[16] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[17] Carla Marinucci & Joe Garofoli, "Disappointed Democrats protest Obama's SF visit," October 25, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/politics/article/Disappointed-Democrats-protest-Obama-s-SF-visit-2325626.php.

[18] "President Obama Greeted By Protests In Brief San Francisco Fundraising Stop," CBS San Francisco, October 25, 2011, http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2011/10/25/president-obamas-california-campaign-stops-harness-star-power/.

[19] Alex Abramovich & Lucy Raven, Portraits from the Occupation video interview recorded April 2012, http://museumca.org/theoaklandstandard/scott-olsen.

[20] Peter Henderson, "Wounded Iraq vet awake after Oakland protest injury," October 28, 2011, http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/10/28/us-usa-wallstreet-protests-oakland-idUSTRE79Q01F20111028.

[21] Moni Basu, "Injured Iraq veteran is face of Occupy movement," CNN, October 28, 2011, http://www.cnn.com/2011/10/28/us/california-occupy-olsen/index.html?hpt=hp_t2.

[22] Jérôme E. Roos, "Oakland crackdown backfires: the genie is out of the bottle," ROAR online magazine, October 28, 2011, http://roarmag.org/2011/10/occupy-oakland-scott-olsen-crackdown-solidarity/.

[23] Justin Berton & Will Kane, "Hurt protester Scott Olsen was 'provoking no one,'" San Francisco Chronicle, October 27, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Hurt-protester-Scott-Olsen-was-provoking-no-one-2325379.php. Dr. Alden Harken, chief of surgery at Highland General Hospital, confirmed Olsen suffered a 2‑ to 3-inch fracture on the left side of his skull. Two days after his injury, Olsen's condition was upgraded from critical to fair, and doctors said they expected him to make a full recovery.

[24] Ipek S. Burnett, "The Fractured Skull: A Portrait of the Veteran, Iraq to Occupy," in Jordan Shapiro & Roxanne Partridge (eds.), Occupy Psyche: Jungian and Archetypal Perspectives on a Movement (CreateSpace, 2012), p. 80.

[25] Ishmael Reed, "Trouble Beside the Bay," The New York Times, November 8, 2011, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/09/opinion/trouble-beside-the-bay.html.

[26] Matthai Kuruvila, Vivian Ho & Jill Tucker, "Occupy movement in Oakland, SF housing protest," San Francisco Chronicle, October 10, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Occupy-movement-in-Oakland-SF-housing-protest-2327564.php.

[27] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[28] Video clip, "Occupy Oakland: A walk through 'People's Park' and 'the Renaissance Fair.' Part 1," uploaded by taibei1, October 25, 2011, http://youtu.be/3vamb07HwcQ.

[29] Vance Petrunoff - Photographer, "Occupy Oakland camp before the Oakland PD raid," IMG_7636, October 22, 2011, http://vancepetrunoff.zenfolio.com/p1065737170/h3e5e15ee#h3e5e15ee.

[30] Moe Min, Oakland resident, "What are the Oakland-specific goals of Occupy Oakland?" posted July 23, 2012, http://www.quora.com/What-are-the-Oakland-specific-goals-of-Occupy-Oakland.

[31] Vance Petrunoff - Photographer, "Occupy Oakland camp before the Oakland PD raid," IMG_7637, October 22, 2011, http://vancepetrunoff.zenfolio.com/p1065737170/h268e82ae#h268e82ae.

[32] Vance Petrunoff - Photographer, "Occupy Oakland camp before the Oakland PD raid," IMG_7624, October 22, 2011, http://vancepetrunoff.zenfolio.com/p1065737170/h27880aab#h27880aab.

[33] The staff of Oakland North, "About Oakland North," undated, retrieved August 11, 2012, http://oaklandnorth.net/about/.

[34] Brittany Schell & Jessie Schiewe, "Five Occupy Oakland campers speak about why they joined the protest," Oakland North, October 24, 2011, http://oaklandnorth.net/2011/10/24/five-occupy-oakland-campers-speak-about-why-they-joined-the-protest/.

[35] Occupy Oakland General Assembly resolution to Rename Frank H. Ogawa Plaza to Oscar Grant Plaza, passed October 10, 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/11/general-assembly-resolutions/.

[36] Bob Egelko, "Johannes Mehserle's appeal rejected," San Francisco Chronicle, September 12, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Johannes-Mehserle-s-appeal-rejected-3861383.php.

[37] Davey D, "Davey D Bio," Davey D's Hip Hop Corner, 2009, retrieved August 10, 2012, http://www.daveyd.com/whoisdaveyd.html.

[38] Davey D, "NY Times Underestimates Oakland's Radicals," Dominion of New York, August 10, 2012, http://www.dominionofnewyork.com/2012/08/10/ny-times-underestimates-oaklands-radicals/#.UJ8bQYb4Igq.

[39] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[40] Special Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Agency/City Council, November 3, 2011, op. cit.

[41] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[42] Special Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Agency/City Council, November 3, 2011, op. cit.

[43] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[44] City of Oakland Flyer, "Attention Occupy Oakland Demonstrators," October 18, 2011, http://oakland.legistar.com/View.ashx?M=F&ID=1598041&GUID=46596342-0AA2-4ACA-A84D-03752BFEAD88.

[45] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[46] Alex Abramovich & Lucy Raven, Portraits from the Occupation video interview recorded April 2012, http://museumca.org/theoaklandstandard/arturo-sanchez.

[47] Arturo M. Sanchez, "Agenda Report re Public Hearing, Discussion, and Possible Action (including a Proposed Resolution)," City of Oakland, November 3, 2011, http://oakland.legistar.com/View.ashx?M=F&ID=1598041&GUID=46596342-0AA2-4ACA-A84D-03752BFEAD88.

[48] City of Oakland Flyer, "Attention Occupy Oakland Demonstrators," op. cit.

[49] Alex Abramovich & Lucy Raven, Portraits from the Occupation video interview recorded April 2012, http://museumca.org/theoaklandstandard/arturo-sanchez.

[50] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[51] City of Oakland Flyer, "Notice to Vacate Frank Ogawa Plaza," October 20, 2011, http://oakland.legistar.com/View.ashx?M=F&ID=1598041&GUID=46596342-0AA2-4ACA-A84D-03752BFEAD88.

[52] City of Oakland Flyer, "Notice of Violations and Demand to Cease Violations," October 21, 2011, http://oakland.legistar.com/View.ashx?M=F&ID=1598041&GUID=46596342-0AA2-4ACA-A84D-03752BFEAD88.

[53] Operation Dignity, "Our Story," undated, retrieved September 11, 2012, http://operationdignity.org/our-story/.

[54] City of Oakland Flyer, "Availability of Homeless Services," October 21, 2011, http://oakland.legistar.com/View.ashx?M=F&ID=1598041&GUID=46596342-0AA2-4ACA-A84D-03752BFEAD88.

[55] Arturo M. Sanchez, "Agenda Report re Public Hearing, Discussion, and Possible Action (including a Proposed Resolution)," op. cit.

[56] Special Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Agency/City Council, November 3, 2011, op. cit.

[57] Kevin Fagan, Demian Bulwa & Justin Berton, "Occupy Oakland protesters regroup - Iraq vet hurt," San Francisco Chronicle, October 27, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Occupy-Oakland-protesters-regroup-Iraq-vet-hurt-2325316.php.

[58] Occupy Oakland General Assembly resolution calling for November 2 General Strike, passed October 26, 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/11/general-assembly-resolutions/.

[59] Special Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Agency/City Council, November 3, 2011, op. cit.

[60] "'Occupy' protesters hold vigils for injured vet," USA Today, October 28, 2011, http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/story/2011-10-28/wall-street-protests/50974252/1.

[61] Ibid.

[62] Memorial Plaque before & after Occupy Oakland: http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8037515882/in/photostream.

[63] KGO-TV, "Hospital to Michael Moore: Don't try to visit Scott Olsen," October 29, 2011, http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/local/east_bay&id=8411243.

[64] Morgen Richmond, "Iraq War Veteran Injured at OWS Oakland Founder of IHateTheMarineCorps.com," Verum Serum, October 27, 2011, http://www.verumserum.com/?p=31617.

[65] Scott Johnson, Matt Krupnick & Thomas Peele, "Occupy Oakland: Iraq vet critically injured by police projectile," Oakland Tribune, October 26, 2011, http://www.insidebayarea.com/top-stories/ci_19203318. Screenshot as retrieved September 26, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8028232981/in/photostream.

[66] Oakland Museum of California, "We Called it a Work Holiday: The 1946 Oakland General Strike," synopsis of 1996–1997 exhibition, http://museumca.org/exhibit/exhi_called_work_holiday.html.

[67] United Food and Commercial Workers Local 324, "Oakland General Strike: A Worker's Holiday," http://ufcw324.org/About_Us/Mission_and_History/Labor_History/Oakland_General_Strike__A_Worker%E2%80%99s_Holiday/.

[68] Oakland Museum of California, "We Called it a Work Holiday," op. cit.

[69] United Food and Commercial Workers Local 324, "Oakland General Strike," op. cit.

[70] GENERAL STRIKE & ANTI-CAPITALIST MARCH poster http://www.occupyoakland.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/GenStrikePOSTER.jpg is among 15 General Strike posters collected in gallery http://occupyoakland.org/2011/10/awesome-posters-for-nov-2-general-strike/.

[71] Occupy Oakland, "Nov 1: General Strike Press Conference," press release, November 1, 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/11/pr11111/.

[72] Video clip, "Occupy Oakland//General Strike, Angela Davis uses the People's Mic," uploaded by Martinezzz on November 2, 2011, http://youtu.be/QOdD_XnUexs.

[73] Occupy Oakland, "Schedule for November 2nd," November 1, 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/11/strike112schedule/.

[74] Video clip, "I Will Survive Capitalism at Oakland General Strike," uploaded by MakingChangeMedia1 on November 5, 2011, http://youtu.be/P-4QsWJp4Sw.

[75] "FBI records responsive to Occupy Oakland / Occupy San Francisco," Scribd, uploaded by Geoffrey King, September 7, 2012, http://www.scribd.com/doc/105248585/FBI-records-responsive-to-Occupy-Oakland-Occupy-San-Francisco.

[76] Ibid.

[77] City of Oakland Media Advisory, "Update on Downtown Demonstrations," November 3, 2011, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/police/documents/pressrelease/oak032035.pdf.

[78] "FBI records responsive to Occupy Oakland / Occupy San Francisco," op. cit.

[79] Special Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Agency/City Council, November 3, 2011, op. cit.

[80] Video clip, "Phone-in: Police clash with Occupy Oakland protesters," uploaded by AlJazeeraEnglish, November 3, 2011, http://youtu.be/WbJ1G3r4-14.

[81] Zennie Abraham, "Occupy Oakland Strike Draws 100,000; Violence Caused By 100," SFGate blog, November 3, 2011, http://blog.sfgate.com/abraham/2011/11/03/occupy-oakland-strike-draws-100000-violence-caused-by-100/.

[82] "RAW VIDEO: NewsChopper 2 footage of huge crowd marching to Port of Oakland," KTVU, November 2, 2011, http://www.ktvu.com/videos/news/raw-video-newschopper-2-footage-of-huge-crowd/vD4mx/.

[83] City of Oakland Media Advisory, "Update on Downtown Demonstrations," op. cit.

[84] "FBI records responsive to Occupy Oakland / Occupy San Francisco," op. cit.

[85] Chris Carlsson, "The black bloc during the anti-capitalist march, a while after the attack on Whole Foods and moments before an attack on the Bank of America near Lake Merritt," Nowtopian, November 2, 2011, http://www.nowtopians.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/black-bloc_4802.jpg. Screenshot as retrieved August 11, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7763436464/in/photostream.

[86] City of Oakland Media Advisory, "Update on Downtown Demonstrations," op. cit.

[87] Video clip, "Occupy Oakland attacks and protects Whole Foods," uploaded by andrewstelzer on November 6, 2011, http://youtu.be/rqoFR1MPSH0.

[88] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit. Emphasis added.

[89] Alex Abramovich & Lucy Raven, Portraits from the Occupation video interview recorded March 2012, http://museumca.org/theoaklandstandard/phil-tagami.

[90] Noah Berger, AP: Anarchy symbol painted on office building at 1333 Broadway in Oakland, November 3, 2011, http://ww2.hdnux.com/photos/06/75/16/1823645/39/628x471.jpg.

[91] Ryan Tate, "Phil Tagami: Behind-the-scenes power broker," San Francisco Business Times, November 20, 2005, http://www.bizjournals.com/sanfrancisco/stories/2005/11/21/focus4.html.

[92] Alex Abramovich & Lucy Raven, Portraits from the Occupation video interview recorded March 2012, http://museumca.org/theoaklandstandard/phil-tagami.

[93] Special Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Agency/City Council, November 3, 2011, op. cit.

[94] Justin Berton & Demian Bulwa, "Occupy Oakland struggles with provocative fringe," San Francisco Chronicle, November 3, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Occupy-Oakland-struggles-with-provocative-fringe-2324335.php.

[95] Paul T. Rosynsky, "Oakland Occupy protester found guilty of felony vandalism," Oakland Tribune, August 15, 2012, http://www.contracostatimes.com/breaking-news/ci_21321114/oakland-occupy-protester-found-guilty-felony-vandalism. Screenshot as retrieved September 26, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8028243480/in/photostream. See also Henry K. Lee, "Occupy protester guilty of vandalism," San Francisco Chronicle, August 15, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/default/article/Occupy-protester-guilty-of-vandalism-3791558.php. "Occupy protester convicted on vandalism charges," KTVU, August 16, 2012, http://www.ktvu.com/news/news/crime-law/occupy-protester-convicted-vandalism-charges/nRCx2/. "Occupy Oakland Protester Sentenced To Six Months In Jail," CBS San Francisco, September 11, 2012, http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2012/09/11/occupy-oakland-protester-sentenced-to-six-months-in-jail/. Henry K. Lee, "Vandal gets 6 months for Occupy damage," San Francisco Chronicle, September 11, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Vandal-gets-6-months-for-Occupy-damage-3856894.php.

[96] City of Oakland Media Advisory, "Update on Downtown Demonstrations," op. cit.

[97] Sean Maher, "Occupy Oakland Live Blog: City says 80-plus arrested, several buildings vandalized," Oakland Tribune, November 3, 2011, http://www.insidebayarea.com/occupy/ci_19255461. Screenshot as retrieved September 26, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8028269351/in/photostream.

[98] CBS News, "Experts: 'Occupy' video shows excessive force," November 9, 2011, http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-57321440/experts-occupy-vid-shows-excessive-force/.

[99] Scott Campbell profile, Twitter, https://twitter.com/angrywhitekid. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748363612/in/photostream.

[100] CBS News, "Experts: 'Occupy' video shows excessive force," op. cit.

[101] Video clip, "Occupy Oakland Protester Shot With Rubber Bullet," uploaded by TheYoungTurks on November 9, 2011, http://youtu.be/f5ZK0d_fMD8.

[102] CBS News, "Experts: 'Occupy' video shows excessive force," op. cit.

[103] Timothy Scott Campbell, et al. v. City of Oakland, et al., Complaint for Damages & Injunctive and Declaratory Relief, filed November 14, 2011, http://www.aclunc.org/news/press_releases/asset_upload_file496_10562.pdf.

[104] Adam Gabbatt, "Occupy Oakland: footage shows police beating 'peaceful' Iraq war veteran," The Guardian, November 18, 2011, http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/nov/18/occupy-oakland-police-beating-veteran.

[105] Video clip, "Oakland General Strike Police Beat 2nd Iraq War Veteran with Baton Violently, Veteran Hospitalized," uploaded by paulus1st on November 5, 2011, http://youtu.be/qszQ4RmwdZM.

[106] Noel Randewich, "Army veteran injured in Oakland clashes with police," Reuters, November 4, 2011, http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/11/05/us-protests-oakland-veteran-idUSTRE7A37A820111105.

[107] Special Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Agency/City Council, November 3, 2011, op. cit.

[108] City of Oakland Media Advisory, "Update on Downtown Demonstrations," op. cit.

[109] Henry K. Lee, "About three-fourths of Occupy arrestees were local," San Francisco Chronicle, November 4, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/About-three-fourths-of-Occupy-arrestees-were-local-2324610.php.

[110] Special Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Agency/City Council, November 3, 2011, op. cit.

[111] Arturo M. Sanchez, "Agenda Report re Public Hearing, Discussion, and Possible Action (including a Proposed Resolution)," op. cit.

[112] Special Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Agency/City Council, November 3, 2011, op. cit.

[113] Occupy Oakland General Assembly Resolutions, October 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/11/general-assembly-resolutions/. Screenshot as retrieved September 11, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7977910359/in/photostream.

[114] Occupy Oakland, "Nov 1: General Strike Press Conference," press release, November 1, 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/11/pr11111/. Screenshot as retrieved September 11, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7977914003/in/photostream.

[115] Adbusters, "#OCCUPYWALLSTREET: A shift in revolutionary tactics," July 13, 2011, http://www.adbusters.org/blogs/adbusters-blog/occupywallstreet.html.

[116] Adbusters, "About Adbusters," retrieved November 1, 2011, http://www.adbusters.org/about/adbusters. Emphasis added. Note: the cited quotation was subsequently deleted from this webpage.

[117] Adbusters poster promoting Occupy Wall Street's September 17, 2001, debut; http://teachingkidsnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Occupy-Wall-Street-Poster-from-Adbusters.jpg. Copy of same image posted here: http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7977944245/in/photostream.

[118] Sam Eifling, "Adbusters' Kalle Lasn Talks About OccupyWallStreet," The Tyee, October 7, 2011, http://thetyee.ca/News/2011/10/07/Kalle-Lasn-Occupy-Wall-Street/print.html.

[119] Shoshana Walter, "Oakland Police May Be on Their Own," The Bay Citizen, November 10, 2011, http://www.baycitizen.org/occupy-movement/story/occupy-oakland-police/.

[120] Matthai Kuruvila, "Occupy campers shout down Oakland council members," San Francisco Chronicle, November 10, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Occupy-campers-shout-down-Oakland-council-members-2323865.php.

[121] NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey: November 2–5, 2011, http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204190704577024570740477122.html.

[122] NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey: October 6–10, 2011, http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/nbcwsjpoll1012.pdf.

[123] "Occupy Oakland 11.9.2011 General Assembly Agenda," November 9, 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/11/occupy-oakland-11-9-2011-general-assembly-agenda/.

[124] Lee Romney, "Shooting victim is tied to Occupy Oakland," Los Angeles Times, November 13, 2011, http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2011/11/shooting-victim-tied-to-occupy-oakland.html

[125] Shoshana Walter, "Occupy Oakland and News Media Coexist Uneasily," The New York Times, November 12, 2011, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/13/us/occupy-oakland-and-news-media-coexist-uneasily.html?_r=1.

[126] Henry K. Lee, "Occupy Oakland: Parolee charged in killing by camp," San Francisco Chronicle, December 16, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Occupy-Oakland-Parolee-charged-in-killing-by-camp-2404847.php. Screenshot as retrieved October 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8072634540/in/photostream.

[127] John Bolger, "Final Days of the Occupy Oakland Camp," The Envoy, December 13, 2011, http://hunterenvoy.com/news/occupy-oakland/.

[128] "Murder Charge Filed In Slaying Near Occupy Oakland Camp," CBS San Francisco, December 2, 2011, http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2011/12/02/murder-charge-filed-in-slaying-near-occupy-oakland-camp/.

[129] "Suspect In Murder Near Occupy Oakland Camp Arrested," CBS San Francisco, December 1, 2011, http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2011/12/01/suspect-in-murder-near-occupy-oakland-camp-arrested/.

[130] "Murder Charge Filed In Slaying Near Occupy Oakland Camp," op. cit.

[131] Henry K. Lee, "Occupy Oakland: Parolee charged in killing by camp," op. cit.

[132] "Murder Charge Filed In Slaying Near Occupy Oakland Camp," op. cit.

[133] Henry K. Lee, "Occupy Oakland: Parolee charged in killing by camp," op. cit.

[134] Michael B. Sauter, Douglas A. McIntyre, Ashley C. Allen, "The most dangerous cities in America," NBC News, June 17, 2012, http://bottomline.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2012/06/17/12172808-the-most-dangerous-cities-in-america?lite.

[135] Oakland Police Officers' Association, "An Open Letter to Occupy Oakland from the Oakland Police Officers' Association," November 11, 2011, https://www.opoa.org/an-open-letter-to-occupy-oakland-from-the-oakland-police-officers-association/. Copyright © 2011 by Oakland Police Officers' Association | All Right Reserved.

[136] Occupy Oakland General Assembly Resolutions, November 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/11/general-assembly-resolutions/. Emphasis added.

[137] "ACLU Files Suit Against Oakland Police Department For Eviction," Newsjogger.com, November 15, 2011, http://newsjogger.com/?p=62192.

[138] Video clips, "Occupy Oakland - Veterans Day assembly part 1," uploaded by SeeTheEvidence, November 11, 2011: http://youtu.be/KXViqqB4bB4 and http://youtu.be/uXcci1syhw8.

[139] Charles Burress, "Injured Elevation 66 Co-owner, Questions Remain," El Cerrito Patch, November 11, 2011, http://elcerrito.patch.com/articles/injured-elevation-66-co-owner-questions-remain.

[140] Video clip, "Oakland General Strike Police Beat 2nd Iraq War Veteran with Baton Violently, Veteran Hospitalized," uploaded by paulus1st on November 5, 2011, http://youtu.be/qszQ4RmwdZM.

[141] As recently as mid-October 2012, Olsen claimed that an appeal to upgrade his other-than-honorable discharge was "still in progress"—three years after the U.S. Marines booted him out. See Scott Olsen @OlsenVet, Twitter, October 13, 2012, https://twitter.com/OlsenVet/status/257281707483471873. Screenshot as retrieved October 26, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8125305234/in/photostream.

[142] Carolyn Jones, "Deanna Santana, Oakland top aide, makes gutsy calls," San Francisco Chronicle, July 8, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Deanna-Santana-Oakland-top-aide-makes-gutsy-3691084.php?t=b744c57c2a.

[143] Matthai Kuruvila, "Occupy Oakland: Jean Quan 'I don't know everything,'" San Francisco Chronicle, October 26, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Occupy-Oakland-Jean-Quan-I-don-t-know-2325178.php. Screenshot as retrieved October 5, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8058287643/in/photostream.

[144] United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Case No. C12-03791, Complaint for Damages for Violations of Civil Rights and Wrongful Death, filed July 19, 2012; Exhibit 35: Excerpts of Deposition of Deanna Santana, August 29, 2012, http://www.scribd.com/doc/109137487/Deanna-Santana-deposition-Redacted.

[145] Carolyn Jones, "Deanna Santana, Oakland top aide, makes gutsy calls," op. cit.

[146] City of Oakland, "Notice of Violations and Demand to Cease Violations to Persons Staying Overnight in Frank Ogawa Plaza," November 11, 2011, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/cityadministrator/documents/pressrelease/oak032117.pdf. See also City of Oakland, "Notice of Violations and Demand to Cease Violations to Persons Staying Overnight in Frank Ogawa Plaza," November 12, 2011, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/cityadministrator/documents/pressrelease/oak032119.pdf. Emphasis added.

[147] City of Oakland, "Notice of Violations and Demand to Cease Violations to Persons Staying Overnight in Parks Citywide," November 13, 2011, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/cityadministrator/documents/pressrelease/oak032118.pdf.

[148] "Police Clear Out Occupy Oakland Camp; Dozens Arrested," CBS San Francisco, November 14, 2011, http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2011/11/14/police-clear-out-occupy-oakland-camp/.

[149] Jill Tucker, Demian Bulwa, Kevin Fagan & Matthai Kuruvila, "1,000 at old Occupy Oakland camp to discuss future," San Francisco Chronicle, November 15, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/1-000-at-old-Occupy-Oakland-camp-to-discuss-future-2289474.php.

[150] "Police Clear Out Occupy Oakland Camp; Dozens Arrested," op. cit.

[151] Jill Tucker, Demian Bulwa, Kevin Fagan & Matthai Kuruvila, "1,000 at old Occupy Oakland camp to discuss future," San Francisco Chronicle, November 15, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/1-000-at-old-Occupy-Oakland-camp-to-discuss-future-2289474.php.

[152] City of Oakland Media Advisory, "Update from the City of Oakland on Decampment of Frank Ogawa Plaza—5 pm," November 14, 2011, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca/groups/cityadministrator/documents/pressrelease/oak032144.pdf.

[153] Will Kane & Casey Newton, "Police confront Occupy protesters in S.F., Oakland," San Francisco Chronicle, November 21, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Police-confront-Occupy-protesters-in-S-F-Oakland-2288629.php.

[154] Will Kane, "Police clear out Occupy Oakland camp in Snow Park," San Francisco Chronicle, November 22, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Police-clear-out-Occupy-Oakland-camp-in-Snow-Park-2290370.php.

[155] "Occupy Wall Street: Night thins Zuccotti Park crowd," BBC, November 16, 2011, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-15761454.

[156] Audio clip embedded in "After Ouster, Occupy Oakland Protesters Return," The Takeaway, November 15, 2011, http://www.thetakeaway.org/2011/nov/15/after-ouster-occupy-oakland-protesters-return/.

[157] "Oakland Mayor Jean Quan Admits Cities Coordinated Crackdown on Occupy Movement," capitoilette, November 15, 2011, http://capitoilette.com/2011/11/15/oakland-mayor-jean-quan-admits-cities-coordinated-crackdown-on-occupy-movement/.

[158] Adam Clark Estes, "Cities Across the Nation Are Comparing Notes on Occupy Protests," The Atlantic Wire, November 15, 2011, http://www.theatlanticwire.com/national/2011/11/city-officials-across-nation-have-been-talking-about-how-deal-occupy-protests/45022/.

[159] Jess Bidgood, Dan Frosch & Malia Wollan, "Other Sites Hope N.Y. Raid Will Energize Cause," The New York Times, November 15, 2011, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/16/us/other-occupy-sites-hope-ny-raid-energizes-movement.html.

[160] Joe Coscarelli, "Oakland Mayor Jean Quan: Eighteen Cities Discussed Occupy 'Situation,'" New York magazine, November 15, 2011, http://nymag.com/daily/intel/2011/11/cities-conferenced-about-occupy-situation.html.

[161] Andy Kroll, "Mayors and Cops Traded Strategies for Dealing With Occupy Protesters," Mother Jones, November 16, 2011, http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2011/11/occupy-protest-coordinate-crackdown-wall-street.

[162] "Overview For New Readers," Washington's Blog, http://www.washingtonsblog.com/overview-for-new-readers.

[163] "Homeland Security Coordinated 18-City Police Crackdown on Occupy Protest," Washington's Blog, November 16, 2011, http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2011/11/homeland-security-coordinated-18-city-police-crackdown-on-occupy-protest.html.

[164] Rick Ellis, "Update: 'Occupy' crackdowns coordinated with federal law enforcement officials," Examiner.com, November 15, 2011, http://www.examiner.com/article/update-occupy-crackdowns-coordinated-with-federal-law-enforcement-officials.

[165] Naomi Wolf, "The shocking truth about the crackdown on Occupy," The Guardian, November 25, 2011, http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/cifamerica/2011/nov/25/shocking-truth-about-crackdown-occupy?CMP=twt_gu.

[166] Matt Wells, "Occupy Wall St: Naomi Wolf condemns 'Stalinist' erosion of protest rights," The Guardian, October 19, 2011, http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/19/naomi-wolf-occupy-wall-street-arrested.

[167] "HuffPost Honors 2011 Game Changers and Game Changer of the Year, Andrew Cuomo," Huffington Post, October 19, 2011, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/10/19/huffpost-honors-2011-game_n_1020083.html.

[168] Skylight Soho self-description, retrieved July 27, 2012, http://skylightnyc.com/soho/about-soho.html.

[169] Wonkette Facebook page, retrieved July 27, 2012, http://www.facebook.com/Wonkette?sk=info.

[170] Naomi Wolf, "The shocking truth about the crackdown on Occupy," op. cit.

[171] Allison Kilkenny, "Did Mayors, DHS Coordinate Occupy Attacks?" In These Times, November 16, 2011, http://inthesetimes.com/uprising/entry/12303/mayors_dhs_coordinated_occupy_attacks/.

[172] Naomi Wolf, "The shocking truth about the crackdown on Occupy," op. cit.

[173] David Morse (posting under pseudonym Dave Id), "Interview with Scott Olsen About His Injury from the Police Attack on Occupy Oakland: video," San Francisco Bay Area Independent Media Center, posted November 28, 2011, http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2011/11/28/18701164.php.

[174] "Exclusive 'Occupy' interview: Scott Olsen," The Ed Show, MSNBC, November 30, 2011 http://ed.msnbc.com/_news/2011/11/30/9119381-exclusive-occupy-interview-scott-olsen.

[175] "Here to Stay," MSNBC, The Rachel Maddow Show, December 1, 2011, http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/26315908/#45518514.

[176] "Occupy Wall Street: Iraq vet Scott Olsen on what he hopes the movement will achieve," Current TV, Countdown with Keith Olbermann, December 2, 2011, http://current.com/shows/countdown/videos/occupy-wall-street-iraq-vet-scott-olsen-on-what-he-hopes-the-movement-will-achieve.

[177] Scott Olsen, Facebook post and comments, December 2, 2011, http://www.facebook.com/scott.t.olsen/posts/307338722617770. Screenshot as retrieved September 13, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7983318766/in/photostream.

[178] "Exclusive 'Occupy' interview: Scott Olsen," The Ed Show, MSNBC, November 30, 2011 http://ed.msnbc.com/_news/2011/11/30/9119381-exclusive-occupy-interview-scott-olsen.

[179] Rick Hampson, "War veteran injured in Occupy protest says he's 'lucky,'" USA Today, November 28, 2011, http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/story/2011-11-28/veteran-injured-Occupy-protest/51448804/1.

[180] Ibid.

[181] Scott Olsen, "OWS purple heart," Google+, November 24, 2011; screenshot http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7660018442/in/photostream.

[182] Matthew Gratz Facebook "About" page, retrieved October 27, 2012, http://www.facebook.com/matthew.gratz.79/info. Screenshot also October 27, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8129737048/in/photostream.

[183] Matthew Gratz @PFailBlog, Twitter, May 26, 2012, http://es.twitter.com/PFailBlog/status/206520162587906050. Screenshot as retrieved August 12, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7768912460/in/photostream.

[184] Luis Martinez & Amy Bingham, "U.S. Veterans: By the Numbers," ABC News, November 11, 2011, http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/us-veterans-numbers/story?id=14928136.

[185] Catherine Traywick, "Homeowners urge changes to ease Oakland's foreclosure crisis," Oakland North, September 16, 2011, http://oaklandnorth.net/2011/09/16/homeowners-urge-changes-to-ease-oaklands-foreclosure-crisis/.

[186] Causa Justa :: Just Cause & Alameda County Public Health Department, "Rebuilding Neighborhoods, Restoring health: A report on the impact of foreclosures on public health," September 1, 2010, http://www.cjjc.org/downloads/exec_summary.pdf.

[187] "Barbara Lee, California Democratic Congressional Delegation Call on President Obama to Act on Housing," official website of Congresswoman Barbara Lee, October 12, 2011, http://lee.house.gov/press-releases/barbara-lee-california-democratic-congressional-delegation-call-on-president-obama-to-act-on-housing/.

[188] Causa Justa :: Just Cause & Alameda County Public Health Department, "Rebuilding Neighborhoods, Restoring health," op. cit.

[189] Carolyn Said, "Occupy Oakland protesters focus on home foreclosure," San Francisco Chronicle, December 7, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Occupy-Oakland-protesters-focus-on-home-2348152.php.

[190] Ibid.

[191] Ibid.

[192] Carolyn Tyler, "Family defiantly moves back into foreclosed home," KGO-TV, December 22, 2011, http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/local/east_bay&id=8477245.

[193] Antal Polony, "Occupy Oakland Update: Foreclosure Defense, Occupy the Courts, and Move-In Day," Antal Polony: Literary Living, January 3, 2012, http://antalpolony.com/2012/01/03/occupy-oakland-update-foreclosure-defense-occupy-the-courts-and-move-in-day/.

[194] Occupy Oakland Foreclosure Defense Group, "Successes," undated, retrieved August 9, 2012, http://foreclosuredefensegroup.wordpress.com/info-3/successes/.

[195] Occupy Oakland Foreclosure Defense Group, "Our Neighbor Katie Needs Our Help!" (handout), http://foreclosuredefensegroup.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/ms-katiehalfpagehandout-updated3-03-12.pdf. See also Occupy Oakland Foreclosure Defense Group, "Our Founding Proposal Before GA – 3.4.12," March 6, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/2012/03/our-founding-proposal-before-ga-3-4-12/.

[196] Andrews International, "Who We Are," retrieved August 11, 2012, http://www.andrewsinternational.com/.

[197] Video clip, "Bank Occupation in Defense of Katie Mitchell's Home -- ACCE & Occupy Oakland," uploaded by andrewstelzer, February 26, 2012, http://youtu.be/czeEwHCTxoY.

[198] Occupy Oakland Foreclosure Defense Group, "Our Neighbor Katie Needs Our Help!" op. cit.

[199] Occupy Oakland, "Foreclosure Defense Group Update," March 12, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/2012/03/foreclosure-defense-group-update-march-12-2012/.

[200] Brooke Terpstra email reply to inquiry from Alan Kurtz re Katie Mitchell foreclosure status, August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7760675762/in/photostream.

[201] RealtyTrac: August 2012 Foreclosure Rate Heat Map - Oakland CA, http://www.realtytrac.com/trendcenter/. Screenshot as retrieved October 2, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8047694543/in/photostream.

[202] Carolyn Said, "Foreclosures, default notices plunge," San Francisco Chronicle, October 2, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/realestate/article/Foreclosures-default-notices-plunge-3910965.php.

[203] Kevin Fagan, "Occupy Oakland looking beyond port blockades," San Francisco Chronicle, December 14, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Occupy-Oakland-looking-beyond-port-blockades-2400246.php.

[204] Occupy Oakland, "12.12.11 Together We Are Unstoppable" poster, retrieved July 28, 2012, http://www.occupyoakland.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/WestCoastPortBlockade_Oakland.jpg.

[205] westcoastportshutdown.org, "Occupy Strikes Back!" poster, December 10, 2011, retrieved July 28, 2012, http://westcoastportshutdown.org/content/occupy-strikes-back. Screenshot as retrieved September 13, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7983495002/in/photostream.

[206] Peter Hartlaub, "Nah, dude, they weren't cranes, they were garbage trucks," San Francisco Chronicle, June 25, 2008, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Nah-dude-they-weren-t-cranes-they-were-garbage-3279459.php.

[207] westcoastportshutdown.org, "Wall Street On the Waterfront?" retrieved July 28, 2012, http://westcoastportshutdown.org/content/wall-street-waterfront.

[208] Ibid.

[209] Miranda Leitsinger, Kari Huus & Jim Seida, "Occupy disrupts Pacific ports; arrests in Seattle, NYC, Houston," NBC News, December 12, 2011, http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2011/12/12/9389446-occupy-disrupts-pacific-ports-arrests-in-seattle-nyc-houston.

[210] Malia Wollan & Steven Greenhouse, "With Port Actions, Occupy Oakland Tests Labor Leaders," The New York Times, December 13, 2011, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/14/us/occupy-oakland-angers-labor-leaders.html?_r=1.

[211] Kevin Fagan, "Occupy Oakland looking beyond port blockades," San Francisco Chronicle, December 14, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Occupy-Oakland-looking-beyond-port-blockades-2400246.php.

[212] Mark Binelli, "The Battle for the Soul of Occupy Wall Street," Rolling Stone, June 21, 2012, http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/the-battle-for-the-soul-of-occupy-wall-street-20120621.

[213] Malia Wollan & Steven Greenhouse, "With Port Actions, Occupy Oakland Tests Labor Leaders," op. cit.

[214] Mark Binelli, "The Battle for the Soul of Occupy Wall Street," op. cit.

[215] Justin Berton, Kevin Fagan & Demian Bulwa, "Oakland port workers stay home as protesters rally," San Francisco Chronicle, December 12, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Oakland-port-workers-stay-home-as-protesters-rally-2396713.php

[216] Occupy Oakland, "Grand Lake Theater's #OO Fundraiser a Great Success," December 15, 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/12/grand-lake-theater%E2%80%99s-oo-fundraiser-a-great-success/.

[217] Occupy Oakland, "Oakland's Grand Lake Theater to hold special benefit film night for Occupy Oakland on December 13," December 7, 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/12/oaklands-grand-lake-theater-to-hold-special-benefit-film-night-for-occupy-oakland-on-december-13/.

[218] The Commonwealth Club of California, "Occupy: What Now, What Next?" December 15, 2011, http://www.commonwealthclub.org/events/2011-12-15/occupy-what-now-what-next-library-seating.

[219] OakFoSho video clip, Commonwealth Club of California, San Francisco, December 15, 2011, http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/19173926.

[220] Steve Rhodes, "Ali Hakimi of Occupy Oakland at Occupy panel at Commonwealth Club DSC_0047," photo, December 15, 2011, http://www.flickr.com/photos/ari/6519753027/in/set-72157628439846523. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7749938854/in/photostream.

[221] Sara Mizner Facebook page, retrieved July 29, 2012, http://www.facebook.com/saramizner/info.

[222] Laura Anthony & Alan Wang, "Iran hikers speak at Occupy Oakland protest," KGO‑TV, October 17, 2011, http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/local/east_bay&id=8395443.

[223] Susie Cagle, "Occupying The Commonwealth Club," The San Francisco Appeal, December 16, 2011, http://sfappeal.com/news/2011/12/occupying-the-commonwealth-club.php.

[224] Lilian Kim, "Mayor Quan gets shouted down at forum," KGO-TV. December 15, 2011, http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/local/east_bay&id=8469252.

[225] John C. Osborn, "Police shut down floating Aquapy encampment on Lake Merritt," Oakland North, December 16, 2011, http://oaklandnorth.net/2011/12/16/police-shut-down-floating-aquapy-encampment-on-lake-merritt/.

[226] Oakland Commune, "New Flyers for Anticut #1," Bay of Rage, May 28, 2011 http://www.bayofrage.com/from-the-bay/new-flyers/.

[227] Oakland Commune, "NYE Prison Noise Demo & Party with the Oakland Commune," Bay of Rage, January 2, 2012, http://www.bayofrage.com/from-the-bay/nye-prison-noise-demo-party-with-the-oakland-commune/.

[228] Alyssa Eisenberg @alyssa011968, Twitter, December 31, 2011, https://twitter.com/alyssa011968/status/153350259895050241. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7747845854/in/photostream.

[229] Oakland Commune, "NYE Prison Noise Demo & Party with the Oakland Commune," op. cit.

[230] Nikolas Koehler @roamingradical, Twitter, January 3, 2012, https://twitter.com/roamingradical/status/154111642886610944. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7747876680/in/photostream.

[231] Todd Gitlin, Occupy Nation: The Roots, the Spirit, and the Promise of Occupy Wall Street (It Books, 2012), pp. 117–118.

[232] Occupy Oakland, "FTP March against Police Brutality," posted by desiluna, January 10, 2012, retrieved July 30, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/ai1ec_event/ftp-march-against-police-brutality/.

[233] Terence Monmaney, "Rampart-Like Scandal Rocks Oakland Justice System, Politics California and the West," Los Angeles Times, December 11, 2000, http://articles.latimes.com/2000/dec/11/news/mn-64091.

[234] Henry K. Lee, "OAKLAND / Retrial starts of ex-cops called 'Riders' / D.A. says he has new evidence of altered documents," San Francisco Chronicle, November 2, 2004, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/OAKLAND-Retrial-starts-of-ex-cops-called-2638855.php.

[235] Jim Herron Zamora, "With charges dismissed, Oakland Riders want jobs back," San Francisco Chronicle, June 11, 2005, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/With-charges-dismissed-Oakland-Riders-want-jobs-2451392.php.

[236] John M. Glionna & Lee Romney, "Jury Acquits 3 Ex-Oakland Officers," Los Angeles Times, May 20, 2005, http://articles.latimes.com/2005/may/20/local/me-riders20.

[237] "'Riders' Settlement," Oakland City Attorney website, retrieved July 30, 2012, http://www.oaklandcityattorney.org/notable/Riders.html.

[238] UC Berkeley School of Law, "Hon. Thelton E. Henderson," retrieved August 1, 2012, http://www.law.berkeley.edu/1067.htm.

[239] Shoshana Walter, "Judge Slams Oakland Leaders for Slow Police Reforms," The Bay Citizen, September 22, 2011, http://www.baycitizen.org/courts/story/judge-slams-oakland-leaders-slow-police/.

[240] Vic Lee, "Federal judge frustrated by slow Oakland police reform," KGO-TV, September 22, 2011, http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/local/east_bay&id=8364933.

[241] Alex Abramovich & Lucy Raven, Portraits from the Occupation video interview recorded March 2012, http://museumca.org/theoaklandstandard/phil-tagami.

[242] City of Oakland, "Mayor Dellums and Oakland Police Department Reach Goal of 803 Officers," press release, November 14, 2008, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca/groups/mayor/documents/pressrelease/dowd005265.pdf.

[243] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[244] Howard A. Jordan, "Progress Report from the Office of Chief of Police Providing an Update on the Oakland Police Department's Crime Reduction Strategies," August 28, 2012, http://oakland.legistar.com/View.ashx?M=F&ID=2097928&GUID=C4BD6003-E50E-4E30-A0ED-30AADA1D02B3.

[245] Matthai Kuruvila, "Some in Oakland fear police receivership," San Francisco Chronicle, August 31, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Some-in-Oakland-fear-police-receivership-3832566.php.

[246] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[247] City of Oakland, "Mayor Dellums and Oakland Police Department Reach Goal of 803 Officers," press release, November 14, 2008, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca/groups/mayor/documents/pressrelease/dowd005265.pdf.

[248] Howard A. Jordan, "Progress Report from the Office of Chief of Police Providing an Update on the Oakland Police Department's Crime Reduction Strategies," op. cit.

[249] Reyhan Harmanci, "Occupy Oakland's New Media Star," The Bay Citizen, December 14, 2011, http://www.baycitizen.org/occupy-movement/story/occupy-oakland-media-star-oak-fo-sho/.

[250] OakFoSho "transparency page" spreadsheet, retrieved July 31, 2012, http://oakfosho.com/donate.html. Screenshot as retrieved September 14, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7985981085/in/photostream.

[251] OakFoSho user page, http://www.ustream.tv/user/OakFoSho.

[252] OakFoSho video clip, "#OO #FTP March on OPD," January 7, 2012, http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/19634501.

[253] Carolyn Jones & Henry K. Lee, "Occupy Oakland plans more antipolice rallies," San Francisco Chronicle, January 9, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Occupy-Oakland-plans-more-antipolice-rallies-2448871.php.

[254] Spencer Mills @OakFoSho, Twitter, January 14, 2012, https://twitter.com/OakFoSho/status/158426208755908608. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748326740/in/photostream.

[255] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, January 15, 2012, https://twitter.com/occupythemob/status/158681558159593473. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748333496/in/photostream.

[256] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, January 17, 2012, https://twitter.com/occupythemob/status/159345842258591746. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748341142/in/photostream.

[257] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, January 17, 2012, https://twitter.com/Occupythemob/status/159367749288730625. Screenshot as retrieved August 12, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7770513018/in/photostream.

[258] Christopher Moreland @OccupyOOTAC, Twitter, January 16, 2012, https://twitter.com/occupyootac/status/159166841888051200. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748348758/in/photostream.

[259] Laura Anthony & Alan Wang, "Iran hikers speak at Occupy Oakland protest," KGO‑TV, October 17, 2011, http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/local/east_bay&id=8395443.

[260] John C. Osborn, "Occupy Oakland takes over West Oakland plot, may face eviction," Oakland North, December 28, 2011, http://oaklandnorth.net/2011/12/28/occupy-oakland-takes-over-west-oakland-plot-may-face-eviction/.

[261] Demian Bulwa, "Occupy Oakland camp re-emerges, is quickly removed," San Francisco Chronicle, December 29, 2011, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Occupy-Oakland-camp-re-emerges-is-quickly-removed-2429764.php.

[262] OaktownPirate video clip, "#OO #J28 #moveinday press conference," January 25, 2012, http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/20001497/highlight/235814.

[263] Video clip, "Occupy Oakland Move-In Day Promo," uploaded by occupyoaklandmovein, January 25, 2012, http://youtu.be/axVBhuFG2RY.

[264] Port of Oakland, "Year-end Airport Statistics Summary," rev. 2/2012, retrieved August 1, 2012, http://www.flyoakland.com/airport_stats_yearend_stats.shtml.

[265] City of Oakland, "City Prepared for Occupy Oakland Protest Saturday," press release, January 27, 2012, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/cityadministrator/documents/pressrelease/oak033073.pdf.

[266] David R. Baker & Vivian Ho, "Oakland police, Occupy protesters clash – 100 held," San Francisco Chronicle, January 29, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Oakland-police-Occupy-protesters-clash-100-held-2787899.php.

[267] Sonali Kolhatkar, "Analyzing the Occupy Wall Street Movements with Roberto Lovato and Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz," UprisingRadio.org, http://uprisingradio.org/home/2011/10/14/analysing-the-occupy-wall-street-movements-with-roberto-lovato-and-roxanne-dunbar-ortiz/.

[268] David R. Baker & Vivian Ho, "Oakland police, Occupy protesters clash – 100 held," op. cit.

[269] The Brass Liberation Orchestra, "Who We Are," undated, retrieved August 2, 2012, http://brassliberation.org/who.php.

[270] David R. Baker & Vivian Ho, "Oakland police, Occupy protesters clash – 100 held," op. cit.

[271] Occupy Oakland, "Statement from the J28 Tactical Team," op. cit.

[272] Ibid.

[273] Ryan Phillips. "Once the center of civic life, former Oakland Auditorium now vacant with future still uncertain," Oakland North, February 13, 2012, http://oaklandnorth.net/2012/02/13/once-the-center-of-civic-life-former-oakland-auditorium-now-vacant-with-future-still-uncertain/.

[274] Jennifer Inez Ward, "Historic Kaiser Convention Center's future remains unknown," Oakland Local, June 28, 2011, http://oaklandlocal.com/article/historic-kaiser-convention-centers-future-remains-unknown.

[275] Occupy Oakland, "Statement from the J28 Tactical Team," op. cit.

[276] Kate Conger, "Graphic Journalist Susie Cagle on Occupy: 'The Camp Is the Demand,'" SF Weekly, December 19, 2011, http://blogs.sfweekly.com/exhibitionist/2011/12/graphic_journalist_susie_cagle.php. Conger: "And you've become embedded there?" Cagle: "I guess so. When there was a camp, I wasn't camping. That was the line I drew on how embedded I wanted to be." Although this interview appeared more than a month after Occupy Oakland's encampment ended, Cagle still says, "I'm certainly more embedded than most reporters." Present tense. Embedding did not require the existence of a camp; and even when one existed, she never camped there. Cagle was subsequently honored as a "champion of the First Amendment" by the Society of Professional Journalists, Northern California chap­ter, during its annual James Madison Awards Banquet at the swanky City Club of San Francisco, five blocks from the Federal Reserve and surrounded by banks in the 1% stronghold Financial District. Screenshot of quoted paragraphs as retrieved September 29, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8036891360/in/photostream.

[277] Susie Cagle, "Activists and Anarchists Speak for Themselves at Occupy Oakland," Truthout, February 8, 2012, http://truth-out.org/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=6574:activists-and-anarchists-speak-for-themselves-at-occupy-oakland.

[278] Lee Romney, "Occupy Oakland: Arrests may top 400; City Hall vandalized," Los Angeles Times, January 29, 2012, http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2012/01/occupy-oakland-arrests-may-top-400.html.

[279] Susie Cagle, "Activists and Anarchists Speak for Themselves at Occupy Oakland," op. cit.

[280] Lee Romney, "Occupy Oakland: Arrests may top 400; City Hall vandalized," op. cit.

[281] Occupy Oakland, "Statement from the J28 Tactical Team," op. cit.

[282] David R. Baker & Vivian Ho, "Oakland police, Occupy protesters clash – 100 held," op. cit.

[283] Occupy Oakland, "Statement from the J28 Tactical Team," op. cit.

[284] Ibid.

[285] Ibid.

[286] Associated Press, "Raw Video: Oakland City Hall Break-in on Tape," February 1, 2012, http://youtu.be/Ci7ayQDH8Qc.

[287] John C. Osborn, "Occupy Oakland protesters meet with city officials after tense scene at City Hall," Oakland North, January 5, 2012, http://oaklandnorth.net/2012/01/05/occupy-oakland-protesters-meet-with-city-officials-after-tense-scene-at-city-hall/.

[288] Lee Romney, "Occupy Oakland: Arrests may top 400; City Hall vandalized," op. cit.

[289] "200 arrested in daylong Occupy Oakland protests," KTVU, January 28, 2012 (later updated), http://www.ktvu.com/news/news/occupy-oakland-march-new-headquarters-meets-resist/nHJ8W/.

[290] Lee Romney, "Occupy Oakland: Arrests may top 400; City Hall vandalized," op. cit.

[291] Terry Collins, "Occupy Oakland protests bring 300 arrests," Associated Press, January 29, 2012, http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Latest-News-Wires/2012/0129/Occupy-Oakland-protests-bring-300-arrests.

[292] Lee Romney, "Occupy Oakland: Arrests may top 400; City Hall vandalized," op. cit.

[293] Shane Shifflett, "Where Do Jailed Occupy Protesters Live?" The Bay Citizen, February 1, 2012, http://www.baycitizen.org/occupy-oakland-8/interactive/most-jailed-occupy-protesters-not/.

[294] CBS News, "300 arrested in Occupy Oakland protests," January 29, 2012, http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-57367945/300-arrested-in-occupy-oakland-protests/.

[295] Chelsea J. Carter, "Occupy Oakland demonstrations, arrests inject new life into movement," CNN, January 30, 2012, http://www.cnn.com/2012/01/30/us/california-occupy/index.html.

[296] Shane Shifflett, "Where Do Jailed Occupy Protesters Live?" op. cit.

[297] Aaron Glantz, "Many Arrested, But Few Charged," The Bay Citizen, January 31, 2012, http://www.baycitizen.org/occupy-oakland-8/story/occupy-oakland-12-stay-away-city-hall/.

[298] Ibid.

[299] Shane Shifflett, "Where Do Jailed Occupy Protesters Live?" op. cit.

[300] Jennifer Inez Ward, "Oakland Museum saves beloved City Hall model - one piece at a time," Oakland Local, March 15, 2012, http://oaklandlocal.com/article/oakland-museum-saves-beloved-city-hall-model-one-piece-time.

[301] Chelsea J. Carter, "Occupy Oakland demonstrations, arrests inject new life into movement," CNN, January 30, 2012, http://www.cnn.com/2012/01/30/us/california-occupy/index.html.

[302] SurveyUSA, "Results of SurveyUSA News Poll #18935," January 30, 2012, http://www.surveyusa.com/client/PollReport.aspx?g=1dd2e8b1-38aa-456a-b000-c1ab1639f64d.

[303] Susie Cagle @susie_c, Twitter, September 12, 2012, https://twitter.com/susie_c/status/246031759920209921. Screenshot as retrieved September 12, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7981150653/in/photostream.

[304] Occupy Oakland, "Bay Area News Group Poll Finds 94% Support Occupy Oakland," posted by Liberate Oakland, February 18, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/2012/02/bay-area-news-group-poll-finds-94-support-occupy/.

[305] Occupy Oakland, "Letter to the Mayor, OPD and City Council on Occupy Oakland's Move-in Day," undated, retrieved August 3, 2012, https://occupyoaklandmoveinday.org/content/letter-mayor-opd-and-city-council-occupy-oaklands-move-day.

[306] Meeting of the Oakland City Council, archived video stream, February 7, 2012, http://oakland.granicus.com/MediaPlayer.php?view_id=2&clip_id=982&meta_id=49804.

[307] OakFoSho video clip, "Occupy Oakland Live," posted March 2, 2012, http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/20818490. Emphasis added.

[308] Henry K. Lee, "Berkeley victim's call for help went unheeded," San Francisco Chronicle, February 22, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Berkeley-victim-s-call-for-help-went-unheeded-3347993.php.

[309] Video clip, "Berkeley Police Chief," published by bikingberkeley, March 9, 2012, http://youtu.be/4YRs73sMTAA.

[310] OaktownPirate video clip, "OaktownLive 2/18/12," February 18, 2012, http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/20548549.

[311] "Community meeting takes place over Berkeley death," KGO-TV, March 8, 2012, http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/local/east_bay&id=8574798.

[312] Ted Friedman, "Berkeley Hills Murder Update: Raucous North Side Mob Charmed by Berkeley Police," The Berkeley Daily Planet, March 9, 2012, http://www.berkeleydailyplanet.com/issue/2012-03-09/article/39428?headline=Berkeley-Hills-Murder-Update-Raucous-North-Side-Mob-Charmed-by-Berkeley-Police--By-Ted-Friedman.

[313] Occupy Oakland, "Anti Nazi Rally and Counterdemonstration in Sacramento on February 27, 2012," posted by Darjeeling43, February 29, 2012, https://occupyoakland.org/2012/02/4-for-22612-ga-proposal-for-endorsement-and-funding-of-anti-nazi-rallycounterdemonstration-in-sacramento-on-february-27-2012/.

[314] Hudson Sangree, Steve Magagnini, Torey Van Oot, "Two officers injured, three arrested as protesters clash near state Capitol," The Sacramento Bee, February 28, 2012, http://www.sacbee.com/2012/02/28/4295880/pp-efpf-fpsejf-psoe-fse-af-spof.html.

[315] "Occupy Sacramento clashes with pro-white group," CBS News, February 27, 2012, http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-57386311/occupy-sacramento-clashes-with-pro-white-group/.

[316] "Officers Injured After Rally At Capitol Gets Out Of Control," CBS Sacramento, February 27, 2012, http://sacramento.cbslocal.com/2012/02/27/sacramento-police-in-riot-gear-trying-to-calm-out-of-control-rally/.

[317] Hudson Sangree, Steve Magagnini, Torey Van Oot, "Two officers injured, three arrested as protesters clash near state Capitol," op. cit.

[318] "Officers Injured After Rally At Capitol Gets Out Of Control," op. cit.

[319] Hudson Sangree, Steve Magagnini, Torey Van Oot, "Two officers injured, three arrested as protesters clash near state Capitol," op. cit.

[320] Ibid.

[321] Library of Congress, "A Global Overview of Narcotics-Funded Terrorist and Other Extremist Groups: A Report Prepared by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, under an Interagency Agreement with the Department of Defense," Washington, D.C., May 2002, http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/NarcsFundedTerrs_Extrems.pdf.

[322] Occupy Oakland Media Committee, "Occupational Awareness," February 26, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7719178078/in/photostream.

[323] Jaime Omar Yassin @hyphy_republic, Twitter, February 26, 2012, https://twitter.com/hyphy_republic/status/173836909909520387. Screenshot as retrieved August 10, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7754483654/in/photostream.

[324] OakFoSho video clip, Occupy Oakland General Assembly, February 26, 2012, http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/20726176.

[325] Occupy Oakland, "[Passed at 2/26/12 GA] Proposal for Principle of Solidarity Against Police Repression, posted by Darjeeling43, February 29, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/2012/02/1-for-22612-ga-proposal-for-principle-of-solidarity-against-police-repression/. Screenshot as retrieved October 29, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8135648586/in/photostream.

[326] Ibid.

[327] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, January 15, 2012, https://twitter.com/occupythemob/status/158681558159593473. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748333496/in/photostream.

[328] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, February 7, 2012, https://twitter.com/occupythemob/status/167056052276301824. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7747886734/in/photostream.

[329] Alyssa Eisenberg @alyssa011968, Twitter, February 12, 2012, https://twitter.com/alyssa011968/status/168626764011147264. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7747902664/in/photostream.

[330] National Lawyers Guild, undated leadership profile of Marcus Kryshka, retrieved August 5, 2012, http://www.nlg.org/leadership/marcus-kryshka/.

[331] Screenshot of Jaime Omar Yassin (arms folded) from OakFoSho video of Occupy Oakland General Assembly, Henry J. Kaiser Memorial Park, February 26, 2012, http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/20728787 paired for comparison with photo of Salah Abdul Karim Yassine under arrest in Uruguay (source: Cromos [Bogotá]), September 24, 2001. http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8021824132/in/photostream.

[332] Marcus Kryshka @mcompost, Twitter, February 3, 2012, https://twitter.com/mcompost/status/165501073665175552. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7747911632/in/photostream.

[333] Ellen Cushing, "Occupy Oakland's Livestreamer Controversy," East Bay Express, March 14, 2012, http://www.eastbayexpress.com/ebx/occupy-oaklands-livestreamer-controversy/Content?oid=3151331.

[334] "3 Occupy Oakland Protesters Charged With Hate Crimes, Robbery," CBS San Francisco, March 3, 2012, http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2012/03/03/3-occupy-oakland-protesters-charged-with-hate-crimes-robbery/.

[335] Occupy Oakland, "Charges Dismissed against the Ice Cream 3," posted by AntiRepression-Committee, May 22, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/2012/05/charges-dismissed-against-the-ice-cream-3/.

[336] Wheevolution. Now. (blog), Monthly Archives: April 2012, retrieved August 5, 2012, http://whimgrrl.wordpress.com/2012/04/.

[337] Elle of Oakland @OaklandElle, Twitter, April 12, 2012, https://twitter.com/oaklandelle/status/190693380165087232. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7747923680/in/photostream.

[338] Elle of Oakland @OaklandElle, Twitter, April 12, 2012, https://twitter.com/OaklandElle/status/190694157621280768. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7835142496/in/photostream.

[339] Jessica Hollie @BellaEiko, Twitter, March 14, 2012, https://twitter.com/bellaeiko/status/179987498703912960. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7747980628/in/photostream.

[340] TeamOaktownLive tweet, Twitter, March 22, 2012, https://twitter.com/TeamOaktownLive/status/183015367705235457. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7747992712/in/photostream.

[341] Team Oaktown Live, "Super Secret Camp 2: The War on Tents Continues," March 25, 2012, http://oaktownlive.tumblr.com/post/19933246919/super-secret-camp-2-the-war-on-tents-continues. Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0).

[342] Occupy Oakland, "3rd BBQ & Speakout, 2pm-6pm," posted by LaborSolidarityCommittee, March 30, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/ai1ec_event/3rd-bbq-speakout-2pm-6pm/.

[343] Oakland Media video clip, OO Neighborhood BBQ & Speak Out, March 31, 2012, http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/21507181.

[344] Occupy Oakland, "Foreclosure Defense Action!" posted by Foreclosure-Defense-Group, April 8, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/ai1ec_event/foreclosure-defense-action/.

[345] Video clip, "Citizen Journo #2," published by deyeston, April 18, 2012, http://youtu.be/UzllgsVlTVk.

[346] Niesha Lofing, "Mayor Quan Confronts Issues Raised by Arrests of Journalists," Fog City Journal, March 3, 2012, http://www.fogcityjournal.com/wordpress/3461/mayor-quan-confronts-issues-raised-by-arrests-of-journalists/.

[347] Lexi Pandell, "Journalists arrested at Saturday Occupy Oakland protest," Oakland North, January 31, 2012, http://oaklandnorth.net/2012/01/31/journalists-arrested-at-saturday-occupy-oakland-protest/.

[348] Niesha Lofing, "Mayor Quan Confronts Issues Raised by Arrests of Journalists," op. cit.


[350] Matthai Kuruvila, "Feds raid Oaksterdam University, founder's home," San Francisco Chronicle, April 2, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Feds-raid-Oaksterdam-University-founder-s-home-3452743.php.

[351] Zusha Elinson, "Leading Pot Guru Targeted by Feds," The Bay Citizen, October 29, 2011, http://www.baycitizen.org/marijuana/story/leading-pot-guru-targeted-feds/.

[352] Lee Romney, "Former Oakland pot dispensary raided by federal agents," Los Angeles Times, April 2, 2012, http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2012/04/former-oakland-medical-pot-dispensary-raided-by-federal-agents.html.

[353] Bella Eiko video clip, "Occupy Oakland Real Coverage! recorded live on 4/2/12," shoving and elbowing begin as 21:58, http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/21551159.

[354] Audio clip, "Flashpoints," KPFA, April 2, 2012, http://www.kpfa.org/archive/id/79262.

[355] Team Oaktown Live video clip, "OaktownLive recorded live on 4/2/12," arrestee's statement begins at 26:55, http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/21551154.

[356] Flashpoints, "Monday April 2 2012," posted April 3, 2012, http://www.flashpoints.net/?p=2867.

[357] Flashpoints, "Tuesday April 3 2012," posted April 3, 2012, http://www.flashpoints.net/?p=2869.

[358] Ellen Huet, "Oakland raid fires up S.F. medical pot rally," San Francisco Chronicle, April 3, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Oakland-raid-fires-up-S-F-medical-pot-rally-3457296.php.

[359] Paul T. Rosynsky, "Jesuit seminary student must pick up trash for Occupy Oakland involvement," Oakland Tribune, April 9, 2012, copy posted by SmithL at FreeRepublic.com, http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/2870010/posts.

[360] Jim Keane, S.J., "Guilty Verdict," America – The National Catholic Weekly, April 3, 2012, http://www.americamagazine.org/blog/entry.cfm?blog_id=2&entry_id=5033.

[361] Paul T. Rosynsky, "Jesuit seminary student must pick up trash for Occupy Oakland involvement," op. cit.

[362] Cameron Rose, "About Cameron," Facebook, undated, http://www.facebook.com/cameron.rose.3576/info. Screenshot as retrieved August 21, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7832654676/in/photostream.

[363] Cameron Rose, comment on Cynthia Morse post, Facebook, August 18, 2012, https://www.facebook.com/cynthia.morse.73/posts/459937544036589?comment_id=5240908&offset=0&total_comments=15. Screenshot as retrieved August 21, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7832698804/in/photostream.

[364] "Occupy Oakland Protester Convicted on Felony Count of Deterring Officer," KQED News, April 27, 2012, http://blogs.kqed.org/newsfix/2012/04/27/occupy-oakland-protester-convicted-on-felony-count-of-deterring-officer/.

[365] Hart/McInturff, "April 2012 NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey," April 13-17, 2012, http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303425504577354381878454106.html.

[366] Video clip, "Golden Gate Bridge Workers Picket Managements Orchid Gala To Save Health Benefits," uploaded by GoldenGateJustice, February 26, 2012, http://youtu.be/fqWnzJ716EQ.

[367] Will Reisman, "Day of action on May 1 could lead to Occupy takeover of Golden Gate Bridge," SF Examiner, April 22, 2012, http://www.sfexaminer.com/local/transportation/2012/04/day-action-may-1-could-lead-occupy-takeover-golden-gate-bridge.

[368] Video clip, "Golden Gate Bridge Workers Picket Managements Orchid Gala To Save Health Benefits," op. cit.

[369] Golden Gate Bridge, Highway & Transportation District, "Golden Gate Bridge District Statement Regarding Rumors of a Possible Strike Tuesday, May 1, 2012, at Golden Gate Bridge and/or Golden Gate Ferry Terminal in Larkspur," April 30, 2012, http://goldengate.org/news/May1_2012.php.

[370] San Francisco Tourism Tips, "Golden Gate Bridge Facts," undated, retrieved August 6, 2012, http://www.san-francisco-tourism-tips.com/golden-gate-bridge-history.html#Facts.

[371] Will Reisman, "Day of action on May 1 could lead to Occupy takeover of Golden Gate Bridge," SF Examiner, April 22, 2012, http://www.sfexaminer.com/local/transportation/2012/04/day-action-may-1-could-lead-occupy-takeover-golden-gate-bridge.

[372] Golden Gate Bridge, Highway & Transportation District, "Golden Gate Bridge District Statement Regarding Rumors of a Possible Strike Tuesday, May 1, 2012, at Golden Gate Bridge and/or Golden Gate Ferry Terminal in Larkspur," op. cit.

[373] "Public Employee Salaries Database," San Francisco Bay Area 2010, San Jose Mercury News, undated, retrieved August 6, 2012, http://www.mercurynews.com/salaries/bay-area/2010.

[374] Occupy Oakland, "Bay Area May 1 Strike Website: strikemay1st.com," posted by S. Skilos, April 25, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/2012/04/bay-area-may-1-strike-website-goes-live-strikemay1st-com/.

[375] Bay Area May Day Clearinghouse, "Golden Gate Bridge Poster," May 1, 2012, http://strikemay1st.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/ggbposter11x17.jpg.

[376] Bay Area May Day Clearinghouse, "Occupy Oakland May 1 Poster," May 1, 2012, http://strikemay1st.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/M1GS_Oakland_english.jpg. See also Bay Area May Day Clearinghouse, "Golden Gate Bridge Poster," op. cit.

[377] Bay Area May Day Clearinghouse, "Golden Gate Bridge Poster," op. cit.

[378] Occupy Oakland Golden Gate Bridge Shut Down Committee, "Occupy Oakland and the Golden Gate Bridge," April 29, 2012, http://occupythebridge.com/. See also Golden Gate Labor Coalition, "Rally at the bridge cancelled, all energy directed towards ferry pickets, April 30, 2012, http://ggbridge.live2.radicaldesigns.org/rally-at-the-bridge-cancelled-all-energy-directed-towards-ferry-pickets/.

[379] Kate Conger, "Unmasking the Anarchists: Occupy Oakland Returns," SF Weekly, May 9, 2012, http://www.sfweekly.com/2012-05-09/news/occupy-movement-protests-may-day-anarchy-black-bloc/.

[380] Bay Area May Day Clearinghouse, "Do your bosses want you to work on May Day? Tell them no," May 1, 2012, http://strikemay1st.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/may_day_1_.jpg. Screenshot as retrieved September 15, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7989511753/in/photostream.

[381] Bay Area May Day Clearinghouse, "Let your workers off from work on May Day. Or else," May 1, 2012, http://strikemay1st.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/may_day_2.jpg. Screenshot as retrieved September 15, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7989536654/in/photostream.

[382] City of Oakland, "City of Oakland Prepared for May 1 Events," press release, April 27, 2012, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/cityadministrator/documents/pressrelease/oak034697.pdf. Emphasis added.

[383] City of Oakland, "11pm—Update on May 1st Demonstrations," May 1, 2012, http://content.govdelivery.com/bulletins/gd/CAOAKL-3e6b36.

[384] Susie Cagle, "Occupied Oakland's May Daze," Truthout, May 4, 2012, http://truth-out.org/news/item/8920-occupied-oaklands-may-daze.

[385] Kate Conger, "Unmasking the Anarchists," op. cit.

[386] City of Oakland, "11pm—Update on May 1st Demonstrations," op. cit.

[387] Kevin Fagan, "Occupy's anarchists seen as both divisive, crucial," San Francisco Chronicle, May 6, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Occupy-s-anarchists-seen-as-both-divisive-crucial-3537785.php.

[388] Susie Cagle @susie_c, Twitter, May 1, 2012, https://twitter.com/susie_c/status/197381056318554112. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748001082/in/photostream.

[389] Susie Cagle, "Occupied Oakland's May Daze," op. cit.

[390] City of Oakland, "11pm—Update on May 1st Demonstrations," op. cit.

[391] Kate Conger, "Unmasking the Anarchists," op. cit.

[392] James Dougherty @Dougherty7NEWS, Twitter, May 1, 2012, https://twitter.com/dougherty7news/status/197424742549037057/photo/1. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748011870/in/photostream.

[393] Kate Conger, "Unmasking the Anarchists," op. cit.

[394] City of Oakland, "City of Oakland Prepared for May 1 Events," op. cit.

[395] Susie Cagle, "Occupied Oakland's May Daze," op. cit.

[396] City of Oakland, "11pm—Update on May 1st Demonstrations," op. cit.

[397] Steve Fisher, "How Occupied Oakland co-opted city's historic immigrant rights march (Reflection)," Oakland Local, May 3, 2012, http://oaklandlocal.com/article/how-occupied-oakland-co-opted-citys-historic-immigrant-rights-march-reflection. Screenshot as retrieved August 25, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7859949134/in/photostream.

[398] City of Oakland, "11pm—Update on May 1st Demonstrations," op. cit. See also Susie Cagle, "Occupied Oakland's May Daze," op. cit.

[399] City of Oakland, "11pm—Update on May 1st Demonstrations," op. cit.

[400] Ibid.

[401] Kate Conger, "Unmasking the Anarchists," op. cit.

[402] Matthai Kuruvila & Demian Bulwa, "Oakland police tone down response to Occupy protest," San Francisco Chronicle, May 3, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Oakland-police-tone-down-response-to-Occupy-3530305.php.

[403] City of Oakland, "11pm—Update on May 1st Demonstrations," op. cit.

[404] SurveyUSA, "Results of SurveyUSA News Poll #19188," May 1, 2012, http://www.surveyusa.com/client/PollReport.aspx?g=810e631b-8e43-4cb1-8037-cc6ead5f2778.

[405] Christopher Moreland @OccupyOOTAC, January 16, 2012, https://twitter.com/occupyootac/status/159166841888051200.

[406] Occupy Oakland @OccupyOakland, Twitter, May 10, 2012, https://twitter.com/occupyoakland/status/200748779660517378. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748029038/in/photostream.

[407] Rainbow Hawk Giver @ijilRHG, Twitter, May 10, 2012, https://twitter.com/ijilrhg/status/200753824263184384. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748035930/in/photostream.

[408] Occupy Oakland @OccupyOakland, Twitter, May 11, 2012, https://twitter.com/occupyoakland/status/200926954428440576. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748044330/in/photostream.

[409] Christopher Beam, "Why are Iranian police markings written in English?" Slate, June 17, 2009, http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2009/06/prints_of_persia.html.

[410] Edmund Jenks, "IRAN: Email Diary Of Day's Events Posted By University Professor," NowPublic, June 21, 2009, http://www.nowpublic.com/world/iran-email-diary-days-events-posted-university-professor-0.

[411] Radio Farda, "آمریکا نیروی انتظامی، سپاه و بسیج را برای سرکوبهای پس از - رادیو فردا," June 2011, http://www.radiofarda.com/content/f8-us-new-sanctions-after-elections-suppress/24230104.html. Screenshot as retrieved September 16, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7993734176/in/photostream.

[412] Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, "RFE/RL Mission Statement," undated, retrieved August 7, 2012, http://www.rferl.org/section/mission/169.html.

[413] Christine @XtyMiller, Twitter, October 17, 2011, https://twitter.com/xtymiller/status/126033354721206272. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748052308/in/photostream.

[414] Jonathan Wafer, "Ten Questions for Oakland Council­member Patricia Kernighan," The Berkeley Daily Planet, June 5, 2008, http://www.berkeleydailyplanet.com/issue/2008-06-05/article/30195?headline=Ten-Questions-for-Oakland-Council­member-Patricia-Kernighan--By-Jonathan-Wafer-Special-to-the-Planet.

[415] City of Oakland, "Agenda Report re Ordinance Prohibiting the Possession of the Tools of Violence During a Demonstration," Public Safety Committee of City Council, May 22, 2012, http://oakland.legistar.com/View.ashx?M=F&ID=1937182&GUID=BF9238A5-5A6B-46ED-A4E4-E2D50AA3F167.

[416] Oakland City Council, Special Meeting of Public Safety Committee, archived video stream, May 22, 2012, http://oakland.granicus.com/MediaPlayer.php?view_id=2&clip_id=1042.

[417] Matthai Kuruvila, "Unruly Oakland meeting over Occupy, 'violence,'" San Francisco Chronicle, May 26, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Unruly-Oakland-meeting-over-Occupy-violence-3588894.php.

[418] Oakland City Council, Special Meeting of Public Safety Committee, op. cit.

[419] Matthai Kuruvila, "Unruly Oakland meeting over Occupy, 'violence,'" op. cit.

[420] Matt Artz & Chris De Benedetti, "Citywise: Occupiers turning Oakland committee meetings into a circus," Bay Area News Group, May 25, 2012. Screenshot as retrieved September 26, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8027440896/in/photostream.

[421] Matthew Gratz @PFailBlog, Twitter, June 10, 2012, https://twitter.com/PFailBlog/status/211942511994875905. Screenshot as retrieved August 19, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7818618436/in/photostream. See also Matthew Gratz @PFailBlog, Twitter, June 10, 2012, https://twitter.com/PFailBlog/status/211943921574617088. Screenshot as retrieved August 19, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7818626130/in/photostream.

[422] Oakland City Council, Special Meeting of Public Safety Committee, op cit. Harangue begins at 02:40:00.

[423] Oakland City Council, Special Meeting of Public Safety Committee, op. cit.

[424] Kerie Lee Campbell @ComradeKalamity, Twitter, May 29, 2012, https://twitter.com/ComradeKalamity/status/207649163058491392. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748059682/in/photostream.

[425] Facebook Public Event, "La Funa de Kernighan," posted by Occupy Insurrection, May 30, 2012, http://www.facebook.com/events/362610413806152/.

[426] Matthai Kuruvila, "Unruly Oakland meeting over Occupy, 'violence,'" op. cit.

[427] Matthew Artz, "Oakland law targets violent protesters," Municipal Insider, May 22, 2012, http://www.municipalinsider.com/news-stories/oakland-law-targets-violent-protesters/.

[428] Comrade Kalamity, "La Funa de Kernighan," San Francisco Bay Area Independent Media Center, May 30, 2012, http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2012/05/30/18714392.php.

[429] Comrade Kalamity, "WANTED poster," San Francisco Bay Area Independent Media Center, June 2, 2012, http://www.indybay.org/uploads/2012/06/02/outreachfuna1sepia.jpg. Screenshot as retrieved October 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8072555953/in/photostream.

[430] Kerie Lee Campbell @ComradeKalamity, Twitter, June 6, 2012, https://twitter.com/ComradeKalamity/status/210588566143766528. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748068046/in/photostream.

[431] Kerie Lee Campbell, @ComradeKalamity, Twitter, June 11, 2012, https://twitter.com/ComradeKalamity/status/212396224983203841. Screenshot as retrieved August 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7845728450/in/photostream.

[432] Kerie Lee Campbell, @ComradeKalamity, Twitter, June 11, 2012, https://twitter.com/ComradeKalamity/status/212402079807963136. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748088142/in/photostream.

[433] Video clip, "#OOTac Melvin @OccupytheMod [sic] arrested 6-13," published by joshuaduhh, June 13, 2012, http://youtu.be/xxoPCwuNvo4.

[434] Oakland Occupy Patriarchy, "Lively Protest in Oakland Against Pig Conference," June 14, 2012, http://oaklandoccupypatriarchy.wordpress.com/2012/06/14/lively-protest-in-oakland-against-pig-conference/. Note name of autonomous group is not Occupy Oakland Patriarchy but Oakland Occupy Patriarchy. Quod vide Monty Python's Life of Brian (1979): The People's Front of Judea must never be confused with Judean People's Front, Judean Popular People's Front, or Popular Front of Judea.

[435] H.E.A.T. Watch, "2012 National Human Exploitation and Trafficking (H.E.A.T.) Watch Conference," undated, retrieved August 8, 2012, http://www.heat-watch.org/conference/.

[436] Oakland Commune, "Assaulting the H.E.A.T. Watch Conference," Bay of Rage, June 11, 2012 (as updated), http://www.bayofrage.com/from-the-bay/assaultingtheheatwatch/.

[437] OccupyTheMob video clip, January 11, 2012, http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/19703145. Screenshot as retrieved September 17, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7997029999/in/photostream.

[438] Kristin J. Bender & Sean Maher, "BART resumes transbay service," Oakland Tribune, June 14, 2012. Screenshot as retrieved September 26, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8028317972/in/photostream.

[439] Henry K. Lee, "Oakland: Elite team searches for clues to big fire," San Francisco Chronicle, June 21, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Oakland-Elite-team-searches-for-clues-to-big-fire-3649734.php.

[440] Carolyn Jones, Henry K. Lee & Justin Berton, "Blaze near BART may be suspicious – 3 sought," San Francisco Chronicle, June 15, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Blaze-near-BART-may-be-suspicious-3-sought-3635581.php.

[441] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, Twitter, Screenshot as October 14, 2012, https://twitter.com/Anon4justice/status/257672989980639233. Screenshot as retrieved October 14, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8089037836/in/photostream.

[442] Two Facebook posts confirm Andrew Cunningham is Anon4Justice, dated March 16 and April 5, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7742743610/in/photostream

[443] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, Twitter, May 28, 2012, https://twitter.com/Anon4justice/status/207307918406721536. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748096344/in/photostream.

[444] "FREE CHRIS!!!!!!!!! Fight Christopher Moreland's political imprisonment and false charges!" WePay, May 23, 2012, https://www.wepay.com/donations/114667. Screenshot as retrieved September 17, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7997142333/in/photostream.

[445] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, Twitter, May 23, 2012, https://twitter.com/Anon4justice/status/205545416538853376. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748105702/in/photostream.

[446] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, Twitter, May 23, 2012, https://twitter.com/Anon4justice/status/205546370164203521. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748111934/in/photostream.

[447] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, Twitter, May 24, 2012, https://twitter.com/Anon4justice/status/205724755133857792. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748124862/in/photostream.

[448] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, RT Occupy Barcelona @occupybarcelona, Twitter June 6, 2012, https://twitter.com/occupybarcelona/status/210412628487569409. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748136738/in/photostream.

[449] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, Twitter, June 8, 2012, https://twitter.com/Anon4justice/status/211212171827363842. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748154940/in/photostream.

[450] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, Twitter, June 13, 2012, https://twitter.com/Anon4justice/status/213033871011348480. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748165248/in/photostream.

[451] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, Twitter, June 13, 2012, https://twitter.com/Anon4justice/status/213036722630561793. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748238100/in/photostream.

[452] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, Twitter, June 13, 2012, https://twitter.com/Anon4justice/status/213079285605466112. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748247024/in/photostream.

[453] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, Twitter, June 13, 2012, https://twitter.com/Anon4justice/status/213155655425605633. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748253268/in/photostream.

[454] Andrew Cunningham @Anon4justice, Twitter, June 14, 2012, https://twitter.com/Anon4justice/status/213277559058743296. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748265684/in/photostream.

[455] Henry K. Lee, "Fire that disrupted BART was arson, feds say," San Francisco Chronicle, June 29, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Fire-that-disrupted-BART-was-arson-feds-say-3671706.php.

[456] City of Oakland, "Independent Report: Flawed Response by Oakland Police to October 25 'Occupy Oakland' Protest," press release, June 14, 2012, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/cityadministrator/documents/pressrelease/oak036237.pdf.

[457] Ibid.

[458] City of Oakland, "Independent Report Reforms Implementation and Progress Matrix," June 14, 2012, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/w/OAK036235.

[459] Frazier Group, "About Us," undated, retrieved September 18, 2012, http://www.fraziergroupllc.com/about/.

[460] Darwin BondGraham & Ali Winston, "Damning Report of OPD," East Bay Express, June 20, 2012, http://www.eastbayexpress.com/ebx/damning-report-of-opd/Content?oid=3244833.

[461] United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Case No. C12-03791, Complaint for Damages for Violations of Civil Rights and Wrongful Death, filed July 19, 2012; Exhibit 35: Excerpts of Deposition of Deanna Santana, August 29, 2012, http://www.scribd.com/doc/109137487/Deanna-Santana-deposition-Redacted.

[462] City of Oakland, "Independent Report: Flawed Response by Oakland Police to October 25 'Occupy Oakland' Protest," op. cit.

[463] Frazier Group LLC, op. cit.

[464] Matthew Artz, "Report rips police response to Occupy Oakland," Oakland Tribune, June 14, 2012, http://www.insidebayarea.com/top-stories/ci_20861116/report-rips-police-response-occupy-oakland. Screenshot as retrieved September 26, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8027448809/in/photostream.

[465] Laura Anthony, "Beanbag hit Occupy protester, not gas canister," KGO-TV, March 15, 2012, http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/local/east_bay&id=8582432.

[466] Matthew Artz, "Report rips police response to Occupy Oakland," op. cit.

[467] Yirmeyah Beckles, "Lakeview Elementary encampment shut down; protesters vow to return," July 3, 2012, http://oaklandnorth.net/2012/07/03/lakeview-elementary-encampment-shut-down-protesters-vow-to-return/.

[468] Oakland Unified School District, "Message from the Superintendent," July 3, 2012, http://publicportal.ousd.k12.ca.us/19941073124252730/site/default.asp.

[469] Oakland Unified School District, "Statement on the Lakeview Protest," June 22, 2012, http://publicportal.ousd.k12.ca.us/19941073124252730/blank/browse.asp?A=383&BMDRN=2000&BCOB=0&C=58391.

[470] Oakland Unified School District, "Message from the Superintendent," op. cit.

[471] C.H. Acheron & Mike King, "The Future of Occupy Oakland," CounterPunch, June 29-July 1, 2012, http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/06/29/the-future-of-occupy-oakland/. School Occupier Jaime Omar Yassin confirmed on July 18: "Activists were concerned that the occupation would be perceived as an Occupy Oakland action, immediately triggering the kind of vicious OPD response that had accompanied actions like J28 [i.e., Move-In Day, January 28, 2012]." See http://hyphenatedrepublic.wordpress.com/2012/07/18/an-argument-for-unsound-acts-and-unrealistic-expectations-the-lakeview-school-occupations-end-run-around-conventional-wisdom/.

[472] Jaime Omar Yassin, "An Argument for Unsound Acts and Unrealistic Expectations: The Lakeview School Occupation's End Run Around Conventional Wisdom," Hyphenated-Republic (blog), July 18, 2012, http://hyphenatedrepublic.wordpress.com/2012/07/18/an-argument-for-unsound-acts-and-unrealistic-expectations-the-lakeview-school-occupations-end-run-around-conventional-wisdom/.

[473] Facebook Public Event, "Feminist Vigilante March," post by Lauren Riot, June 30, 2012, https://www.facebook.com/events/245926968856082/permalink/254389498009829/. Screenshot as retrieved September 17, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7997655823/in/photostream.

[474] Matthew Gratz @PFailBlog, Twitter, July 4, 2012, https://twitter.com/PFailBlog/status/220713656479006721. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748302516/in/photostream.

[475] "Oakland Occupy March Ends In Vandalism, 1 Arrest," CBS San Francisco, July 5, 2012, http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2012/07/05/oakland-occupy-march-ends-in-vandalism-1-arrest/.

[476] Driver's door of unattended OPD cruiser kicked in and its logo painted over with anarchist trademark, July 4, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7512556180/in/photostream.

[477] Graffiti "FTP KILL COPS" painted on frosted windows of OPD HQ, July 4, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7512567152/in/photostream.

[478] 24-year-old Randolph Wilkins aka Teardrop (with shoe on American flag) flips the double bird as Old Glory is torched during Occupy Oakland's Fuck The Fourth march, July 4, 2012; photo by PFailBlog via Facebook, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7744873106/in/photostream.

[479] Matthew Gratz @PFailBlog, Twitter, July 4, 2012, https://twitter.com/PFailBlog/status/220746620952772610. Screenshot as retrieved August 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7748312066/in/photostream.

[480] Political Fail Blog, "#OO #FuckTheFourth March July, 4 2012 [misplaced comma in original]," Facebook Album, July 5, 2012, http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.419050728137959.90607.162600247116343&type=3.

[481] Video clip, "#FuckTheFourth March - Oakland, CA July 4, 2012," published by pfailblog, July 5, 2012, http://youtu.be/VP8tMp5E23o.

[482] Christina Kay, comment [screenshot] posted on Political Fail Blog's Facebook photo album, July 5, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7529745434/in/photostream.

[483] Susie Cagle, "Activists and Anarchists Speak for Themselves at Occupy Oakland," op. cit.

[484] "About Oakland Art Murmur," retrieved August 4, 2012, http://oaklandartmurmur.org/about.

[485] Vanessa Rancaño, "Art Murmur contemplates future of 23rd Street," Oakland Local, December 19, 2011, http://oaklandlocal.com/article/art-murmur-contemplates-future-23rd-street.

[486] Occupy Oakland, "Occupy Presence at the Murmur," posted by Nemo, November 13, 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/11/occupy-presence-at-the-murmur/.

[487] Occupy Oakland, "OO table at Art Murmur," posted by Events Committee, May 3, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/ai1ec_event/oo-table-at-art-murmur/.

[488] Matt Werner, "Art Murmur cracks down on street vendors," Matt's Writing (blog), July 16, 2012, http://djmattwerner.blogspot.com/2012/07/art-murmur-cracks-down-on-street.html.

[489] Teresa Smith, "Occupy Oakland briefly resurfaces, Obama Headquarters Smashed," San Francisco Bay Area Independent Media Center, August 4, 2012, http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2012/08/04/18718838.php.

[490] FTP4EVA, "FTP Street Party @ Art Murmur Communiqué," San Francisco Bay Area Independent Media Center, August 4, 2012, http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2012/08/04/18718862.php.

[491] John Sexton, "Video Shows Occupy Vandals Smashing Windows at Obama Campaign Headquarters," Breitbart, August 5, 2012, http://www.breitbart.com/Big-Government/2012/08/05/Video-Shows-Occupy-Vandals-Smashing-Windows-at-Obama-Campaign-Headquarters. To sample right-wing opinion on this incident, see reader comments.

[492] San Francisco Police Department, Lauren Smith mugshot profile, October 6, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8068157475/in/photostream.

[493] Millicent Somer photo of Lauren Riot and daughter on Occupy Oakland Move-In Day, January 28, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7854173480/in/photostream.

[494] Sephie Smith @sephiesays, Twitter, April 23, 2012, https://twitter.com/sephiesays/status/194640199043645440. Screenshot as retrieved August 24, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7854187656/in/photostream.

[495] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, February 16, 2012, https://twitter.com/Occupythemob/status/170261156278185986. Screenshot as retrieved August 12, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7770607932/in/photostream.

[496] "Protesters march around Fox Theater, burn U.S. flag during Obama visit," KTVU, July 23, 2012, http://www.ktvu.com/news/news/medical-marijuana-backers-protest-obama-visit/nP2fR/.

[497] UPI, "Hundreds protest Obama fundraiser in California," United Press International, July 23, 2012, http://www.upi.com/News_Photos/News/Hundreds-protest-Obama-fundraiser-in-California/ol/6885/1/1/. Screenshot as retrieved August 12, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7771343020/in/photostream.

[498] UPI, "Hundreds protest Obama fundraiser in California," United Press International, July 23, 2012, http://www.upi.com/News_Photos/News/Hundreds-protest-Obama-fundraiser-in-California/ol/6885/2/1/. Screenshot as retrieved August 12, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7771322100/in/photostream.

[499] T.L. Viens, "Protesters of many stripes shadow Obama in Oakland," San Francisco Chronicle, July 24, 2012, http://blog.sfgate.com/nov05election/2012/07/24/protesters-of-many-stripes-shadow-obama-in-oakland/. Screenshot as retrieved August 12, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7771588032/in/photostream.

[500] Occupy Oakland, "Shut Down Obama Fundraiser in Oakland 7/23/2012 Photos," image 2012-07-23_00588, posted by danilo, July 24, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/2012/07/shut-down-obama-fundraiser-in-oakland-7232012-photos/. Screenshot as retrieved August 12, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7772280530/in/photostream.

[501] Tawanda Kanhema, "Bradley Manning supporters occupy Obama campaign office in Oakland," Oakland North, August 17, 2012, http://oaklandnorth.net/2012/08/17/bradley-manning-supporters-occupy-obama-campaign-office-in-oakland/.

[502] San Francisco Police Department, Michael Thurman mugshot profile, October 6, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8068187748/in/photostream.

[503] Screenshot from documentary film Occupy Unmasked (2012), showing Michael Thurman looking pleased at scene of Occupy Oakland's Black Bloc smashy on Wells Fargo bank, November 2, 2011. http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8023352226/in/photostream.

[504] "Hundreds rally at Obama campaign offices for Bradley, veterans arrested," Bradley Manning Support Network, August 17, 2012, http://www.bradleymanning.org/news/hundreds-rally-at-obama-campaign-offices-for-bradley-veterans-arrested. Emphasis added.

[505] Save Bradley Manning, Facebook post, October 26, 2011, http://www.facebook.com/savebradley/posts/192393364170222. Screenshot as retrieved August 31, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7902103330/in/photostream.

[506] "Update 10/27/11: NYT Op-Ed says WikiLeaks is safer for whistle-blowers than mainstream news outlets, warns of government surveillance," Bradley Manning Support Network, October 27, 2011, http://www.bradleymanning.org/news/update-102711-expert-says-wikileaks-is-safer-for-whistle-blowers-than-mainstream-news-outlets-warns-of-government-surveillance. Screenshot as retrieved August 31, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7902090776/in/photostream.

[507] Ellen Nakashima, "Bradley Manning is at the center of the WikiLeaks controversy. But who is he?" The Washington Post, May 4, 2011, http://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/magazine/who-is-wikileaks-suspect-bradley-manning/2011/04/16/AFMwBmrF_print.html.

[508] Abramovich, Alex & Lucy Raven, Portraits from the Occupation video interview recorded April 2012, http://museumca.org/theoaklandstandard/scott-olsen.

[509] Joshua Shepherd, LinkedIn member profile, http://www.linkedin.com/in/joshuashepherd. Screenshot as retrieved August 31, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7902304662/in/photostream.

[510] Cynthia Morse, post to Comminfo_comm_faculty Archive, Answerpot.com, May 14, 2012, http://answerpot.com/showthread.php?3554551-Question+from+Occupy+Oakland. Screenshot as retrieved August 21, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7832477346/in/photostream.

[511] Mary Flaherty & Emilie Raguso, " 'Occupy the Farm' Rally Draws Scores to Albany Library," Albany Patch, May 15, 2012, http://albany.patch.com/articles/developing-story-occupy-the-farm-rally-draws-many-supporters. See also Eddie Miller, "About me," A Global Organic Mindset (blog), undated, retrieved August 28, 2012, http://eddiemill.wordpress.com/about/.

[512] Scott Olsen @OlsenVet, Twitter, August 16, 2012, https://twitter.com/OlsenVet/status/236304079670898688. Screenshot as retrieved August 18, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7811519850/in/photostream.

[513] Tawanda Kanhema, "Bradley Manning supporters occupy Obama campaign office in Oakland," Oakland North, August 17, 2012, http://oaklandnorth.net/2012/08/17/bradley-manning-supporters-occupy-obama-campaign-office-in-oakland/.

[514] Scott Olsen @OlsenVet, Twitter, August 17, 2012, https://twitter.com/OlsenVet/status/236680733249388545. Screenshot as retrieved August 18, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7811549266/in/photostream.

[515] Occupy Oakland, "Proposals Passed at July 15th GA," posted by Will H, July 17, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/2012/07/proposals-passed-at-july-15-ga/.

[516] Miguel @guelo, Twitter, May 23, 2012, https://twitter.com/guelo/status/205471276570120192. Screenshot as retrieved August 24, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7854400310/in/photostream.

[517] Marcus Kryshka @mcompost, Twitter, June 30, 2012, https://twitter.com/mcompost/status/219296945561276416. Screenshot as retrieved September 19, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8004356882/in/photostream.

[518] Motto on Belfor website masthead, retrieved September 20, 2012, http://www.belfor.com/.

[519] Sam Rolens, "Oakland restores City Hall plaza and lawn, damaged by Occupy campsite," Oakland North, August 29, 2012, http://oaklandnorth.net/2012/08/29/oakland-restores-city-hall-plaza-and-lawn-damaged-by-occupy-campsite/.

[520] City of Oakland memorandum, "Frank Ogawa Plaza Lawn Restoration," August 21, 2012, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/cityadministrator/documents/memorandum/oak037561.pdf.

[521] Sam Rolens, "Oakland restores City Hall plaza and lawn, damaged by Occupy campsite," op. cit.

[522] City of Oakland memorandum, "Update on Costs Incurred to Respond to Occupy Oakland-Related Events," July 3, 2012, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/cityadministrator/documents/memorandum/oak036880.pdf.

[523] Sam Rolens, "Oakland restores City Hall plaza and lawn, damaged by Occupy campsite," op. cit.

[524] Steve Fisher, "Oakland-based Fresh Juice Party speaks out about 'Chalkupy,' activism," Oakland Local, August 20, 2012, http://oaklandlocal.com/article/oakland-based-fresh-juice-party-speaks-out-about-chalkupy-activism.

[525] Fresh Juice Party, "Who We Are," undated, retrieved September 22, 2012, http://www.freshjuiceparty.com/who-we-are/. Screenshot as retrieved September 22, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8012759466/in/photostream.

[526] Steve Fisher, "Oakland-based Fresh Juice Party speaks out about 'Chalkupy,' op. cit. Screenshot as retrieved September 22, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8012931001/in/photostream.

[527] C.H. Acheron & Mike King, "The Future of Occupy Oakland," op. cit. Emphasis added.

[528] Occupy the Farm, "Occupy the Farm Activists Reclaim Prime Urban Agricultural Land in SF Bay Area," Take Back the Tract press release, April 22, 2012, http://takebackthetract.com/index.php/17-general-content/32-pressrelease.

[529] Culture Jammers HQ, "Flash Encampments," Adbusters, June 5, 2012, http://www.adbusters.org/blogs/adbusters-blog/flash-encampments.html.

[530] Andrew Stelzer, "Oakland Activists Take Over Derelict Library Building," KQED News, August 13, 2012, http://www.kqed.org/news/story/2012/08/13/105637/oakland_activists_take_over_derelict_library_building.

[531] Steve Fisher, "Neighbors organize an outdoor library in the Fruitvale," Oakland North, August 30, 2012, http://oaklandnorth.net/2012/08/30/neighbors-organize-an-outdoor-library-in-the-fruitvale/.

[532] Steve Fisher, "Neighbors organize an outdoor library in the Fruitvale," Oakland North, August 30, 2012, op. cit. Screenshot as retrieved September 22, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8014303216/in/photostream.

[533] Jaime Omar Yassin @hyphy_republic, Twitter, October 14, 2012, https://twitter.com/hyphy_republic/status/257570774003638272. Screenshot as retrieved October 14, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8087854021/in/photostream.

[534] Occupy Oakland General Assembly Resolutions, October 2011, http://occupyoakland.org/2011/11/general-assembly-resolutions/. Screenshot as retrieved September 11, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/7977910359/in/photostream.

[535] Alameda County District Attorney's Report on Fatal Shooting of Alan Blueford, October 3, 2012, http://media.cmgdigital.com/shared/news/documents/2012/10/09/OIS_Blueford_corrected.pdf.

[536] Oakland Police Department, Crime Report, CAD Incident LOP120506000009, RD #12-021875, May 6, 2012, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/police/documents/report/oak037957.pdf.

[537] Alameda County District Attorney's Report on Fatal Shooting of Alan Blueford, October 3, 2012, http://media.cmgdigital.com/shared/news/documents/2012/10/09/OIS_Blueford_corrected.pdf.

[538] Oakland Police Department, Crime Report, CAD Incident LOP120506000009, op. cit.

[539] Alameda County District Attorney's Report on Fatal Shooting of Alan Blueford, October 3, 2012, http://media.cmgdigital.com/shared/news/documents/2012/10/09/OIS_Blueford_corrected.pdf.

[540] Alameda County District Attorney's Report on Fatal Shooting of Alan Blueford, op. cit.

[541] Ali Winston, "Oakland Police Officer-Involved Shooting of Alan Blueford Raises Questions," East Bay Express, July 25, 2012, http://www.eastbayexpress.com/ebx/oakland-police-officer-involved-shooting-of-alan-blueford-raises-questions/Content?oid=3295686.

[542] Alameda County District Attorney's Report on Fatal Shooting of Alan Blueford, op. cit.

[543] Oakland Police Department, Crime Report, CAD Incident LOP120506000009, op. cit.

[544] Demian Bulwa, "Oakland cop cleared in slaying of teen," San Francisco Chronicle, October 9, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Oakland-cop-cleared-in-slaying-of-teen-3933240.php.

[545] City of Oakland, Update on May 6, 2012 Officer-Involved Shooting, press release, May 7, 2012, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/police/documents/pressrelease/oak034790.pdf.

[546] Demian Bulwa, "Oakland cop cleared in slaying of teen," op. cit.

[547] City of Oakland, Update on May 6, 2012 Officer-Involved Shooting, op. cit.

[548] Meeting of the Oakland City Council, archived video stream, May 15, 2012, http://oakland.granicus.com/MediaPlayer.php?view_id=2&clip_id=1035.

[549] Alessandro Tinonga, "Demanding answers about a police killing," SocialistWorker.org, September 24, 2012, http://socialistworker.org/2012/09/24/demanding-answers-in-oakland.

[550] Chip Johnson, "Oakland police chief fails to calm suspicions," San Francisco Chronicle, May 25, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/johnson/article/Oakland-police-chief-fails-to-calm-suspicions-3585449.php.

[551] Video clip, "Angry Residents Confront Oakland Police Chief & Run Him out Over Lies about Alan Blueford Killing," published May 24, 2012 by mrdaveyd, http://youtu.be/WCQ9F5hypow.

[552] Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Successor Agency and the City Council, archived video stream, September 18, 2012, http://oakland.granicus.com/MediaPlayer.php?view_id=2&clip_id=1118..

[553] Oakland Police Department, Crime Report, CAD Incident LOP120506000009, op. cit.

[554] Alameda County Sheriff's Office, Coroner's Bureau, Investigator Narrative, July 18, 2012, http://www2.oaklandnet.com/oakca1/groups/police/documents/report/oak037952.pdf.

[555] Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Successor Agency and the City Council, archived video stream, September 18, 2012, op. cit.

[556] Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Successor Agency and the City Council, archived video stream, October 2, 2012, http://oakland.granicus.com/MediaPlayer.php?view_id=2&clip_id=1129.

[557] Not to be confused with either Oakland's Assistant City Administrator Scott Johnson or Oakland Tribune reporter and columnist Scott C. Johnson.

[558] jpmassar's Profile, Daily Kos, undated, http://www.dailykos.com/user/jpmassar. Screenshot as retrieved October 6, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8060286285/in/photostream.

[559] Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Successor Agency and the City Council, archived video stream, October 2, 2012, op. cit.

[560] Scott Johnson, "Support the OOT at the GA!" Occupied Oakland Tribune, December 1, 2011, http://occupiedoaktrib.org/2011/12/01/support-the-oot-at-the-ga/. Screenshot as retrieved October 6, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8060686745/in/photostream.

[561] Concurrent Meeting of the Oakland Redevelopment Successor Agency and the City Council, archived video stream, October 2, 2012, op. cit.

[562] Mike King, "Seeking Justice for Alan Blueford at the Militarized Oakland City Council: Police Murder and Political Contestation in the 'International City of Peace,'" Occupy Oakland, October 3, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/2012/10/seeking-justice-for-alan-blueford-at-the-militarized-oakland-city-council-police-murder-and-political-contestation-in-the-international-city-of-peace/. Republished verbatim as Mike King, "Seeking Justice at the Militarized Oakland City Council," CounterPunch, Weekend Edition October 5-7, 2012, http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/10/05/seeking-justice-at-the-militarized-oakland-city-council/.

[563] C.H. Acheron & Mike King, "The Future of Occupy Oakland," CounterPunch, June 29-July 1, 2012, http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/06/29/the-future-of-occupy-oakland/. Emphasis added.

[564] Mike King, "Seeking Justice for Alan Blueford at the Militarized Oakland City Council, " op. cit.

[565] Chris Hedges, "The Cancer in Occupy," Truthdig, February 6, 2012, http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/the_cancer_of_occupy_20120206/.

[566] "Anti-war protesters vandalize Oakland buildings and cars," KTVU, October 7, 2012, http://www.ktvu.com/news/news/crime-law/anti-war-protesters-vandalize-oakland-buildings-an/nSXKQ/.

[567] Afghans for Peace, "About," Facebook, undated, http://www.facebook.com/AfghansforPeace/info. Screenshot as retrieved October 8, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8069868419/in/photostream.

[568] Admin, "AFP call out on the 11th year of the war in Afghanistan," Afghans for Peace, September 6, 2012, http://afghansforpeace.org/archives/2904.

[569] "Sunday Oct 7: March on the 11 Year Anniversary of the Afghan War," Decolonize the New World 2012, September 24, 2012, http://decolonizethenewworld.noblogs.org/2012/09/24/sunday-oct-7-march-on-the-11-year-anniversary-of-the-afghan-war/. Screenshot as retrieved October 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8069962909/in/photostream.

[570] Occupy Oakland, "Oakland Hoodies And Hijabs March against the War in Afghanistan," posted by Events Committee, October 4, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/ai1ec_event/oakland-hoodies-hijabs-march-against-the-war-in-afghanistan/?instance_id=240073. Screenshot as retrieved October 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8069982649/in/photostream.

[571] "Occupy Oakland: Keith and Fatima Mojadiddy discuss the violent police raid," Current TV, Countdown with Keith Olbermann, October 25, 2011, http://current.com/shows/countdown/videos/occupy-oakland-keith-and-fatima-mojadiddy-discuss-the-violent-police-raid.

[572] David Morse (posting under pseudonym Dave Id), "Afghans for Peace Rally on the 11th Anniversary of the Afghanistan War, Oakland, 10/7/12: video & photos," San Francisco Bay Area Independent Media Center, October 15, 2012, http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2012/10/15/18723770.php.

[573] Ibid.

[574] Video clip, "Laleh: A Documentary | WIGS Unscripted," published by wigs, October 13, 2012, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cp3a0Y2tiUw&feature=share&list=PL6BB0DDF5675964BB.

[575] David Morse (posting under pseudonym Dave Id), "Afghans for Peace Rally on the 11th Anniversary of the Afghanistan War, Oakland," op. cit.

[576] Paul T. Rosynsky, "Protesters run wild in downtown Oakland; police say they were caught by surprise," Oakland Tribune, October 8, 2012, http://www.insidebayarea.com/oakland-tribune/ci_21727450/protesters-run-wild-downtown-oakland-police-say-they.

[577] Justin Berton, "Oakland antiwar protesters wreak havoc," San Francisco Chronicle, October 8, 2012, http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Oakland-anti-war-protesters-wreak-havoc-3928164.php.

[578] Paul T. Rosynsky, "Protesters run wild in downtown Oakland; police say they were caught by surprise," op. cit.

[579] Video clip, "Oakland - Anti-Imperialist Anti-Capitalist March 11th Anniversary of the Afghan War," published by pfailblog, October 8, 2012, http://youtu.be/P6GxOlU8tH0.

[580] Mark Binelli, "Scott Olsen: Casualty of the Occupation," Rolling Stone, January 19, 2012, http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/scott-olsen-casualty-of-the-occupation-20120119.

[581] Boots Riley, Facebook post, October 8, 2012, http://www.facebook.com/boots.riley/posts/10151186157408664. Screenshot as retrieved October 12, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8080538405/in/photostream.

[582] Ian S. Port, "R.I.P. Matthew Africa, Beloved Oakland Hip-Hop DJ," SF Weekly, September 6, 2012, http://blogs.sfweekly.com/shookdown/2012/09/rip_matthew_africa_beloved_oak.php.

[583] Boots Riley, Facebook post, October 8, 2012, http://www.facebook.com/boots.riley/posts/10151186157408664. Screenshot as retrieved October 12, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8080538405/in/photostream.

[584] Boots Riley, Facebook post, October 8, 2012, http://www.facebook.com/boots.riley/posts/10151186157408664. Screenshot as retrieved October 12, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8080538405/in/photostream.

[585] Scott Campbell @angrywhitekid, Twitter, October 9, 2012, https://twitter.com/angrywhitekid/status/255828742658740225. Screenshot as retrieved October 10, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8075098368/in/photostream.

[586] Leo Ritz-Barr @riotleo, Twitter, October 8, 2012, https://twitter.com/riotleo/status/255452666476515328. Screenshot as retrieved October 10, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8075121513/in/photostream.

[587] Matthew Gratz comment on Boots Riley post, Facebook, October 9, 2012, http://www.facebook.com/boots.riley/posts/10151186157408664. Screenshot as retrieved October 9, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8073141402/in/photostream.

[588] W. Joseph Campbell, Getting It Wrong: Ten of the Greatest Misreported Stories in American Journalism (University of California Press, 2010), pp. 44–100.

[589] Scott Olsen @OlsenVet, Twitter, October 13, 2012, https://twitter.com/OlsenVet/status/257260124941463552. Screenshot as retrieved October 17, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8097652961/in/photostream.

[590] Scott Olsen @OlsenVet, Twitter, October 13, 2012, https://twitter.com/OlsenVet/status/257282670344671232. Screenshot as retrieved October 17, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8097676525/in/photostream.

[591] Matthew Artz, "Flier calls for violence against Occupy Oakland protesters," Oakland Tribune, October 17, 2012, http://www.insidebayarea.com/oakland-tribune/ci_21787566/flier-calls-violence-against-oakland-anarchists.

[592] Matthew Artz, "Occupy Oakland announces protest plans," Oakland Tribune, September 25, 2012, http://www.mercurynews.com/top-stories/ci_21630131/occupy-oakland-announces-protest-plans.

[593] Facebook Public Event, "Take back the Plaza! Over Night Vigil + FTP #O25," posted by Political Fail Blog, September 8, 2012, https://www.facebook.com/events/361201410620647/permalink/361201417287313/. Screenshot as retrieved October 13, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8084598655/in/photostream.

[594] Facebook Public Event, "Take back the Plaza! Over Night Vigil + March #O25," posted by Political Fail Blog, September 8, 2012, https://www.facebook.com/events/361201410620647/. Screenshot as retrieved October 25, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8129173281/in/photostream.

[595] Composite of three Facebook screenshots retrieved on various dates between September 8 – October 17, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8097992123/in/photostream. Emphasis in text added for comparison.

[596] Matthew Gratz @PFailBlog, Twitter, October 14, 2012, https://twitter.com/PFailBlog/status/257700921444806656. Screenshot as retrieved October 15, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8091173690/in/photostream.

[597] Jesse Smith @eastbayradical, Twitter, October 20, 2012, https://twitter.com/eastbayradical/status/259570332267065344. Screenshot as retrieved October 20, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8105717753/in/photostream.

[598] Jesse Smith @eastbayradical, Twitter, October 20, 2012, https://twitter.com/eastbayradical/status/259576888488501248. Screenshot as retrieved October 20, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8105745331/in/photostream.

[599] Jesse Smith @eastbayradical, Twitter, October 20, 2012, https://twitter.com/eastbayradical/status/259592557246435328. Screenshot as retrieved October 20, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8105753879/in/photostream.

[600] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, October 1, 2012, https://twitter.com/Occupythemob/status/252856887933009920. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117472516/in/photostream.

[601] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, October 1, 2012, https://twitter.com/Occupythemob/status/252858879912849409. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117485202/in/photostream.

[602] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, October 1, 2012, https://twitter.com/Occupythemob/status/252859767578562560. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117491670/in/photostream.

[603] Gricelda Gutierrez @LadyGoftheTAC, Twitter, October 6, 2012, https://twitter.com/LadyGoftheTAC/status/254758845132447745. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117505542/in/photostream.

[604] Megha Satyanarayana, "UC Santa Cruz: Officials find racist imagery on bathroom door," Santa Cruz Sentinel, March 1, 2010, http://www.santacruzsentinel.com/localnews/ci_14493478.

[605] Gricelda Gutierrez @LadyGoftheTAC, Twitter, October 6, 2012, https://twitter.com/LadyGoftheTAC/status/254787457655128064. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117524507/in/photostream.

[606] Gricelda Gutierrez @LadyGoftheTAC, Twitter, October 8, 2012, https://twitter.com/LadyGoftheTAC/status/255403998578892800. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117545255/in/photostream.

[607] Gricelda Gutierrez @LadyGoftheTAC, Twitter, October 8, 2012, https://twitter.com/LadyGoftheTAC/status/255407012979019777. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117550479/in/photostream.

[608] Gricelda Gutierrez @LadyGoftheTAC, Twitter, October 8, 2012, https://twitter.com/LadyGoftheTAC/status/255414632754335744. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117664822/in/photostream.

[609] Gricelda Gutierrez @LadyGoftheTAC, Twitter, October 8, 2012, https://twitter.com/LadyGoftheTAC/status/255542748621459456. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117671577/in/photostream.

[610] Gricelda Gutierrez @LadyGoftheTAC, Twitter, October 8, 2012, https://twitter.com/LadyGoftheTAC/status/255402946278338560. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117697680/in/photostream.

[611] Gricelda Gutierrez @LadyGoftheTAC, Twitter, October 8, 2012, https://twitter.com/LadyGoftheTAC/status/255542052291489792. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117696155/in/photostream.

[612] Gricelda Gutierrez @LadyGoftheTAC, Twitter, October 12, 2012, https://twitter.com/LadyGoftheTAC/status/256903953000837120. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117749696/in/photostream.

[613] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, October 6, 2012, https://twitter.com/Occupythemob/status/254788000108670976. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117779268/in/photostream.

[614] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, October 6, 2012, https://twitter.com/Occupythemob/status/254797944111390720. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117779359/in/photostream.

[615] Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, October 6, 2012, https://twitter.com/Occupythemob/status/254795532181069824. Screenshot as retrieved October 23, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8117795310/in/photostream.

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[622] Occupy Oakland Anti-Repression Committee, "Confronting the Many Faces of Repression," OccupyOakland.org, October 22, 2012, http://occupyoakland.org/2012/10/facesofrepression/.

[623] OccupytheMob, "Fuck the OaklandCommune Hella Occupy Oakland," October 12, 2012, http://pastebin.com/wxhgreyZ. Note: Occupythemob is the Twitter handle of Melvin Kelley of #OO's Tactical Action Committee. However, Kelley denied writing this Pastebin post. See Melvin Kelley @Occupythemob, Twitter, October 12, 2012, https://twitter.com/Occupythemob/status/256862902143840256. Screenshot as retrieved October 24, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8121124528/in/photostream.

[624] Occupy Oakland Media Collective, "Occupy Oakland Media Collective Statement on The Oakland Commune," HellaOccupyOakland.org, October 16, 2012, http://hellaoccupyoakland.org/occupy-oakland-media-collective-statement-on-the-oakland-commune/.

[625] Occupy Oakland Anti-Repression Committee, "Confronting the Many Faces of Repression," op. cit.

[626] Oakland Commune, "Oakland is for Burning? Beyond a Critique of Gentrification," Bay of Rage, October 18, 2012, http://www.bayofrage.com/from-the-bay/oakland-is-for-burning-beyond-a-critique-of-gentrification/.

[627] Cupid vs. Stupid drawings by Fresh Juice Party for Chalkupy at Frank Ogawa Plaza, Oakland, CA, executed with revised captions on October 25, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8126852056/in/photostream. Captions as designed: "I'm with Stupid. / Smashy! Smashy!" Captions as executed: "A Day Without / Violence"

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[630] Angela Hart, "After peaceful downtown march, Occupy protesters return to plaza," Oakland North, October 25, 2012, http://oaklandnorth.net/2012/10/25/after-peaceful-downtown-march-occupy-protesters-return-to-plaza/.

[631] Video clip, "Iraq Veteran Scott Olsen Revisits Occupy Oakland After Injury," published by youthradio, October 26, 2012, http://youtu.be/MPTadWZDt-A.

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[633] Angela Hart, "After peaceful downtown march, Occupy protesters return to plaza," op. cit. See gallery photo by Steve Fisher captioned "Some marched with shields and megaphones." Screenshot as retrieved October 26, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8126704232/in/photostream. Unmasked man in middle with Mohawk and bullhorn is Jesse Smith.

[634] Angela Hart, "After peaceful downtown march, Occupy protesters return to plaza," op. cit.

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[649] Angela Hart, "After peaceful downtown march, Occupy protesters return to plaza," op. cit.

[650] Madeleine Thomas, Pendarvis Harshaw & Lauren Kawana, "Two arrests, no reports of vandalism, graffiti after Occupy march," Oakland North, October 26, 2012, http://oaklandnorth.net/2012/10/26/two-arrests-no-reports-of-vandalism-graffiti-after-occupy-march/.

[651] Facebook Public Event, "Take back the Plaza! Over Night Vigil + FTP March #O25," comment posted by Political Fail Blog, October 26, 2012, https://www.facebook.com/events/361201410620647/permalink/377846835622771/. Screenshot as retrieved October 26, 2012, http://www.flickr.com/photos/70834279@N03/8125950587/in/photostream.

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[655] Shane Shifflett, "Where Do Jailed Occupy Protesters Live?" op. cit.

[656] Linda Lye, "FBI Won't Release Occupy Surveillance Documents to ACLU, Citing National Security," ACLU of Northern California, September 13, 2012, https://www.aclunc.org/issues/government_surveillance/fbi_won%27t_release_occupy_surveillance_documents_to_aclu,_citing_national_security.shtml.

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[658] Linda Lye, "FBI Won't Release Occupy Surveillance Documents to ACLU, Citing National Security," op. cit.

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[660] Linda Lye, "FBI Won't Release Occupy Surveillance Documents to ACLU, Citing National Security," op. cit.

[661] FBI cover letter and documents released to ACLU of Northern California pursuant to FOIPA Request No. 1184877-000, Subject: Occupy Movement/Northern California, August 24, 2012, https://www.aclunc.org/docs/government_surveillance/occupy_lir.pdf.

[662] Westboro Baptist Church, "About Us," undated, retrieved September 4, 2012, http://www.godhatesfags.com/wbcinfo/aboutwbc.html.

[663] Richard Hofstadter, "The Paranoid Style in American Politics," Harper's Magazine (November 1964), pp. 77–86; as republished in Hofstadter, The Paranoid Style in American Politics (Vintage Books, 2008), pp. 3–40.